Nepal Engineering College
Submitted To: Submitted By:
Department of Architecture Pratik Lal Shrestha (08-223)
History of Nepalese architecture started from the early period when water from the Katmandu valley drained out due to some reason and different dynasties like gopalas, mahispalas etc started their rule here. Historical researches at different parts of Nepal had shown that Nepalese traditional architecture and construction started from that time as they had found brick and wood construction there which is totally different from neighbor countries construction material and technique.
Then either brick called maappa is place above it or timbers
are placed above it. Above it a thick layer of mud is kept and
finally telia bricks are placed on the top for finishing touch.
Most of the traditional buildings uses timber above the
joist instead of maappa.
3. Vertical post:
In Nepalese traditional construction generally posts are placed in top floors in buildings and on the road sides in the pati. Columns are generally made up of wood and have lots of carving on it. Placement of these posts on the top floor is due to the reduced load of the building. In pati it is placed on the road side instead of walls to get openness with lots of carvings.
Roof is the topmost part of the Nepalese traditional
Buildings as other building. These roofs contains bhaupwa
(cat hole) on it and used as chimney as shown in figure.
At first joist or na sin is placed then above it vertical post is
placed to support rafter on it. Above rafter a thick layer of
mud is placed which works as binding material for roof tiles
called aanpa as shown in figure. These types of roof tiles are
most important feature of Nepalese traditional buildings.
This heavy roof is supported by the struts inclined at certain
whose one end is placed on the roof and other is on the wall
to support roof as shown in the figure along side.
Doors in Nepalese traditional buildings are made up of woods
with thick heavy wooden frames and panels. Figure along side
shows the door of famous taleju temple of Katmandu. All of the
buildings used such doors but with less carvings in case of
residential houses. In case of temples and palaces such types of
extensively carved doors are use but in...