The Affordable Care Act is designed to expand insurance coverage, control costs, and target prevention (Gable, 2011). The government is targeting adults aged 19-64, since their access to health care and use of health services deteriorated between 2000 and 2010, particularly among those who were uninsured (Kenney, McMorrow, Zuckerman, & Goin, 2012). The goal is to reduce the number of uninsured adults through a Medicaid expansion and the creation of health insurance in different marketplaces with ...view middle of the document...
This will be the first time for many to have the opportunity to purchase health insurances. The plan is to achieve greater equity in health coverage. Citizens will have the choice of Medicaid, Medicare, private insurance or state-based insurance exchanges.
Affordable Care Act brings all new emphasis to value and quality in private and public health insurance, federal funding towards programs that strengthen access and the health care workforce, and advances the collection and reporting of data on race, ethnicity, sex, primary language and disability status in federally supported health care programs, imposing national standards in order to ensure uniformity in collection and reporting. The funding will increase the racial and ethnic diversity of health care professionals and strengthen cultural competency training among health care providers.
The intention of the law is to expand health care coverage to most U.S. citizens and permanent residents by requiring most people to have or purchase health insurance (HealthCare.gov, 2012a). Minorities are expected to make up the largest segment of the population signing up for health benefits under the Affordable Care Act.