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Negociacion Essay

698 words - 3 pages

John Belasquez
Entorno Legal de los Negocios

Investigación: Empresas Unipersonales

Las empresas unipersonales han sido desde hace ya un tiempo un mecanismo que ha sido creado por el Congreso Nacional como una manera de incentivar a la economía. Este tipo de empresa unipersonal como su nombre lo estipula, no requiere de socios o accionistas, y se caracteriza por que esta nueva norma permite crear una empresa a cualquier persona.

El artículo 1 de la Ley de Empresas Unipersonales señala: Toda persona natural con capacidad legal para realizar actos de comercio, podrá desarrollar por intermedio de una empresa unipersonal de responsabilidad limitada cualquier actividad económica que no ...view middle of the document...

• Pueden constituirla sólo personas naturales que tengan capacidad para ejercer el comercio.
• Tiene siempre carácter mercantil, cualquiera que sea su objeto empresarial.
• Es administrada por su gerente-propietario, quien a su vez, será su representante legal.
• Su gerente-propietario es considerado comerciante.
• Debe llevar contabilidad.
• Debe tener una denominación específica que la identifique como tal; esto es, debe estar integrada por el nombre y/o iniciales de su gerente-propietario, al que se le agregará la denominación “Empresa Unipersonal de Responsabilidad Limitada” o las iniciales EURL.
• Debe constituirse por un plazo determinado.
• Dentro de los noventa días posteriores a la terminación de cada ejercicio económico, la empresa debe cerrar sus cuentas y preparar su balance general y su cuenta de pérdidas y ganancias, siguiendo las normas establecidas en la Ley de Compañías.
• Este tipo de empresas pueden afiliarse al respectivo gremio y/o cámara, según su rama de actividad.

Prohibiciones:
• Las empresas unipersonales no podrán realizar actividades:
• Bancarias;
• De seguros;
• De capitalización y ahorro;
• De mutualismo;
• De cambio de moneda extranjera;
• De mandato e...

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