NATURE Vs NURTURE
NATURE Vs NURTURE
I. Human behaviour and development is determined by the interaction of biological factors and environmental conditions
II. Importance of biological influence
A. Historical background, 1st theory/discovery Charles Darwing.
B. Biological factors
1. Physical characteristics.
2. Science of genetics, illness, DNA.
III. Importance of Environment influenced
A. Historical background
1. John Locke
2. Behaviorists: John Watson and Skinner, everything leaned.
3. William James: ...view middle of the document...
Some people have said that nature (biology), characteristics (genes) are the most important factors and others, have said the environment (nurture) is most important. Although it is now understood that human behaviour and development is determined by the interaction of biological factors and environmental conditions.
The first scientist to express the importance of biology was Charles Darwin who 200 years ago discovered the theory of evolution and that we inherit features from our parents. Charles Darwin observed physical characteristics in animals and the importance of genes. We can clearly see this aspect influence in characteristics such as hair colour, skin type, colour and shape of eyes, facial features, type of blood etc. that we inherit from the combination of our parent’s genes, so clearly it not affected by the environment. In addition we can see the influence of biological factors in illness through DNA, as illnesses are passed down generations, when old people or close family members have children. These illnesses can be physical for example cancer and diabetes or mental such a depression and madness.
The idea that the environment is the important factor in human development was first written by the English philosopher John Locke, in the 17th century who said we were a ‘tabla rasa’ (blank slate) and that knowledge appears by means of experience (Locke, in hoeksema, 1996 p 10). Following this, William James said that babies were born without senses and developed these through experience (James, in hoeksema, 1996 p 12). Following them, the Behaviourists (like Skinner and Watson) believed that human nature is changeable through experience (Watson and Skinner, in hoeksema, 1996 p 10).
We can see these arguments reflected in how people learn to speak a language which depends on the country they are in. Even if their parents are come from different country, the infant will be speak the language that is learned through experience. Thus it not impact by biological factors. In spite of language development have their roots in the forming of physical structures in the brain.
The discussion about the interaction between nature and nurture can be seen clearly in the growth of the foetus, although have a biological basis which can be...