HUMAN GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Interaction of Nurture and Nature (Concept, Distinction among Growth, Development and Maturation) Determinants of Growth and Development 1. Heredity (nature) The process of transmission of traits to the individual from parents to offspring through germ cells consisting of chromosomes and genes. Chromosomes – usually in pairs and each carries the genes which are the true carriers of hereditary traits. Types of Genes: a.) Dominant gene – a gene that is phenotypically manifested when paired with another gene like skin color or height. b.) Recessive gene – a gene carrying traits manifested after being dormant for several generations; a gene that is not produced when ...view middle of the document...
The sequence of development is the same for all children. Certain reflexes present at birth anticipate voluntary movement. The development is directional which involves 2 laws of development: the Cephalocaudal law (development from head to foot) and the Proximodistal law (development which comes from the center towards the extremities). Generalized responses. activity gives way to specific
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a.) Early foundations are critical. b.) Maturation and learning play important roles in development. c.) Development follows a definite and predictable pattern. d.) All individuals are different. e.) Each phase of development characteristic “pattern of behavior”. f.) has a
Maturation The completion of growth and development within the organism, and the unfolding of an individual’s inherent traits or potentials. Concerns the more or less automatic unfolding of biological potential in a set, irreversible sequence. To live is to change.
Development – the orderly and sequential changes that occur with the passage of time as an organism moves from conception to death. Occurs through processes that are biologically programmed within the organism and processes of interaction with the environment that transform the organism. The progressive series...