This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Nationalism In Kenya Essay

2658 words - 11 pages

NATIONALISM IN KENYA
Conflict and resentment defined the the colonial experience between the white settlers and native Africans. With Nairobi evolving from a shantytown in the early 1900s into a major urban centre for East Africa, white settlers slowly migrated to the country lured by the prospect of land. They settled in the fertile highlands outside Nairobi, an area later dubbed the "White Highlands." Both the Maasai and the Kikuyu tribes lost large amounts of land to these European settlers. Their resentment grew deeper with each acre lost and the inevitable conflicts would not fully be resolved until independence.
Successful large-scale farming depended to a great degree upon an ...view middle of the document...

Thuku was arrested by the colonial authorities in 1922 and was exiled for seven years. His arrest resulted in the massacre of twenty-three Africans outside Nairobi's Central police station. He was released only after agreeing to cooperate with the colonials, a decision that cost him the leadership of the Kikuyus. This incident united Kenya's African communities and set the stage for the entry of Jomo Kenyatta, a former water meter inspector with the Nairobi Municipal Council, who stepped in and filled the leadership vacuum after Thuku.
JOMO KENYATTA
Jomo Kenyatta was born in Gatundu; the year of his birth is uncertain, but most scholars agree he was born in the 1890s. He was born into the Kikuyu ethnic group. Named Kamau wa Ngengi at birth, he later adopted the surname Kenyatta (from the Kikuyu word for a type of beaded belt he wore) and then the first name Jomo. Kenyatta was educated by Presbyterian missionaries and by 1921 had moved to the city of Nairobi. There he became involved in early African protest movements, joining the Kikuyu Central Association (KCA) in 1924.
In 1928 he became editor of the movement's newspaper. In 1929 and 1931 Kenyatta visited England to present KCA demands for the return of African land lost to European settlers and for increased political and economic opportunity for Africans in Kenya, which had become a colony within British East Africa in 1920.


Kenyatta remained in Europe for almost 15 years, during which he attended various schools and universities, travelled extensively, and published numerous articles and pamphlets on Kenya and the plight of Kenyans under colonial rule. While attending the London School of Economics, Kenyatta studied under noted British anthropologist Bronislaw Malinowski and published his seminal work, Facing Mount Kenya (1938).
Following World War II (1939-1945), Kenyatta became an outspoken nationalist, demanding Kenyan self-government and independence from Great Britain. With other African nationalists such as Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana, Kenyatta helped organize the fifth Pan-African Congress in Great Britain in 1945. The congress, modelled after the four congresses organized by black American intellectual W. E. B. Du Bois between 1919 and 1927 and attended by black leaders and intellectuals from around the world, affirmed the goals of African nationalism and unity.
In September 1946 Kenyatta returned to Kenya, and in June 1947 he became president of the first colony-wide African political organization, the Kenya African Union (KAU), which had been formed more than two years earlier. KAU's efforts to win self-government under African leadership were unsuccessful, however, and African resistance to colonial policies and the supremacy of European settlers in Kenya became more militant.
AFRICAN AND ASIAN AFRICAN RESISTANCE TO THE BRITISH
The Mau Mau Movement
The Mau Mau Movement began among the Gikuyu who shared the same grievances with all other Kenyan peoples. At the same...

Other Papers Like Nationalism In Kenya

Globalization and Ethnicity Essay

926 words - 4 pages boundaries are the bane of modern conflicts and they have defined the major conflicts that have arisen emanating from the desire to dominate or when countries view their identity as being eroded. Globalization therefore has redefined ethnicity in that communities that were initially only bonded by a common language now have to identify differently as people of a certain country and fight to retain that new identity, nationalism. Conclusion One

History Essay Regarding African Colonisation

1274 words - 6 pages men-on-the-spot was what caused the government to intervene and form a formal empire within different regions of Africa. For example, William McKinnon and his rivalry with the German Karl Peters resulted in the British government funding the British East Africa Company, and then influence spreading almost all the way across the East of Africa into countries like Uganda, Kenya, and Somaliland, which can be seen as an assertion of British

Zzzgfgfgfg

1613 words - 7 pages Animism? 7. How have Animist beliefs affected sub-Saharan Africa? 8. What events, figures, and processes impacted Africa from imperialism through independence? 9. What issues currently affect Africa? 10. What internal conflicts have shaped the development of Africa? 11. What factors influence Africa’s position in the global community? Textbook Pages: * Nationalism in Africa: pgs 828-830 * Independence in

Geography

1601 words - 7 pages and quelling unrest” (Lonsdale). “In Kenya, for example, the application of the Swynnerton Plan of 1954 was designed to intensify the progression of African agriculture as a means of creating a more effective political and economic response” (Lonsdale). Unfortunately the changes in social conditions, political perspectives, environmental conditions and the unrest within regional communities have all lent themselves to the decline in economic

Terrorism

3399 words - 14 pages means to realize their ambitions. The next stage in terrorism's development came in the mid-20th century, when indigenous peoples in today's Egypt, Indonesia, Israel, Kenya, Vietnam, and elsewhere rebelled against their colonial regimes. Like their anarchist forebears, they used dramatic, vicious acts of destruction to win attention. Still, these crusades remained essentially wars of rebellion. For example, the Irgun, a Jewish revolutionary

Western Civilization Wars

2839 words - 12 pages . This began the start of the European Revolutions of 1848. Revolutionary Movement 1848 The revolutionary movement started in France and quickly spread to most of Europe and many parts of Latin America. Five major factors were involved 1) dissatisfaction with political leadership 2) more participation in government and democracy 3) equality in the working class 4) the rise of nationalism and 5) regrouping based on status. “These movements were led

Literary Education and Canon Formation: the Liberian Experience

4315 words - 18 pages the oldest independent country in Africa and the second oldest independent black country on earth—the first being Haiti in the western hemisphere—has lagged behind other countries such as Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya and Zimbabwe in literary education, canon formation and literacy? What are the contributing factors? Has there ever been a period in Liberia's recent history in which some efforts were made to encourage creative writing, and subsequently

Islamic Terrorist Groups: a Comparative Study of Terror

3428 words - 14 pages in 1972. By the early 80's, the Palestinian terror network had spread into a multinational front and had become a channel for the spread of methods of terror. Secular Palestinian groups were not the only ones to flourish. The failure of the Arabs to rid the Middle East of the hated Jews, which was a failure of the growing Arab nationalism as well, led to a resurgence of both moderate and extremist Islamic movements. The secular and Islamic

Colonialism In Africa

2829 words - 12 pages transformations and interruptions as a result of the policies implicated by these colonial masters during. Nationalism in the Western states during this period was identified with pride in one’s nation bringing about stiff competition within the European nations. In addition it brought about the formation of nation-states within the European colonies. This competition over colonial expansions within Africa was a way in which the West

Religions Influence On American Democracy

7161 words - 29 pages average. Among those feeling the impact most keenly are the Ivory Coast, the world's biggest producer of cocoa; Guinea, with a third of the world's known reserve of bauxite; Kenya and Sri Lanka, the biggest producers of black tea; and Zimbabwe, a major source for nickel. The plunge in coffee prices has affected economies from Colombia to Kenya to Vietnam. And while lower oil prices help consumers in the industrial world, they lower incomes in

Freedom And Responsibility

2141 words - 9 pages adopted by the states to become the Bill of Rights in 1791. As defined by our U.S. Constitution, the first amendment states “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercises thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances”. (Jordan, 1999) The first precept addressed in the

Related Essays

Culture Kenya Vs France Essay

2528 words - 11 pages Comparing and Contrasting France Verses Kenya awd Introduction Kenya is located approximately on the map as 2N, 38E. (Latitude, Longitude.) Kenya became independent in 1963, and only had three presidents since. The current population is estimated as 30, 339,770. The official language is Swahili. It has a host of cultural practices and beliefs. France is a country in Western Europe. It is famous for its wine and cheese. People in France

History Of Africa Essay

1679 words - 7 pages dropped to approximately 22-27 percent. The Western part of Africa however had higher mortality than most of the other countries. Another reason for the increase of population in Africa is high birth rate. In Kenya, an average of eight children were born to a mother who completed the child bearing cycle. The introduction of antibiotic drug contributed to the high birth rate as it reduced the proportion of infertile women in the 1960s. Besides

African Conservation Essay

2266 words - 10 pages for the Africans had been disrupted. The onslaught of colonialism brought with a number of changes that affected the livelihoods of many Africans, but African replied with a number of diverse ways in which to react to the colonial management of African environmental resources. This paper will focus on the regions of Kenya, The Matopos Hills in modern day Zimbabwe, and finally colonial South Africa. The Inhabitants of Africa were controlled by

Discuss What You Understand By The Term Enthnocentrism And Show How Enthnocentrism Is Bad In National Politics

2409 words - 10 pages Hebrew males; the 1990 - 91 Gulf war, recent development in Rwanda, Burundi, Yugoslavia and the former Soviet union and needless to mention Kenya in a series of after election violence/land clashes, it is evident that ethnocentrism is a universal phenomenon. However ethnocentrism becomes a problem when people from different cultures meet and interact. This can be identified in the area of national politics, when it prevents people from