Nationalism In 18th Century Europe Essay

1799 words - 8 pages

Throughout the nineteenth century three political ideals began influencing states and their 
citizens like no other ideals had done before. These ideals were liberalism, socialism and, the 
most important, nationalism. Each one possessed its own uniqueness which inspired mass 
followings of people that would last thoroughly into the twentieth century. Each one also proved 
to form a catalyst for the modernisation of many European countries. However, in comparison, 
none of these ideals had the impact that the nationalistic approach had. This is due to many 
reasons which ranged from the fact that not everyone was affected by socialism or that ninety 
...view middle of the document...

’1 In this scholarly work, I 
will endeavour to display the significant authority nationalism controlled over governments 
throughout the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, while highlighting both the positive 
and negative consequences that resulted from nationalist approaches. 
We, fittingly, begin our look at nationalism in the inaugural country to embrace the ideal, 
France. However, up until around 1870, there was a greater importance, from every aspect of 
French society, placed on loyalty to the separate provinces rather than the state itself. Towards 
the end of the nineteenth century, France underwent a huge modernisation and industrialisation 


Jonathan Fenby, ​ General: Charles de Gaulle and the France He Saved​
(London: Simon & Schuster,
2010), p.45

duration. These societal changes are attributed, along with the development of nationalism, to 
‘morphing the common French peasant into a civilised Frenchman.’2 A sense of identity was 
given to the French peasantry that only nationalism could provide. The peasants, unable to speak 
French, became isolated and alienated from the urban French population. However, with 
industrialisation came closer relations with French speaking city communities which helped 
assimilate the peasantry while ridding them of traditional stereotypes such as poor hygiene and 
inappropriate clothing. Change was the favored worldview and as school became the realm of 
inspiring patriotism through the use of songs, gymnastics, and writing. France condemned itself 
as a kingdom and viewed itself as a fatherland. Visual tools such as maps were changed to reflect 
their changing perception of what France was as a nation. In these ways, the peasants became 
socialised to the expectations of higher French society. Military conflict brought an additional 
push forward toward nationalism and political solidarity3. Nationalism strengthened as a result of 
growing military presence that was necessitated by the French Revolution and Franco­Prussian 
War. The Great War further strengthened nationalism and patriotism due to the need for the 
conscription of soldiers. The conscription of soldiers into the military, created an environment 
that relied on the connectedness that the soldiers felt for their country since there was a lack of 
other motives for individual soldiers to fight for a specific cause. This self­determination to fight 
for one’s country was inspired by the immense nationalistic and patriotic pride that existed 
within Europe; no other political ideal could inspire such unwavering loyalty. Empires that 
contained many nations could not survive in the total war state that characterises modern warfare 
during the Great War. The Great War, as it did with every country currently riding the 
nationalism tidal wave, aided the growth of the ideal in France through the increased government 

Other Papers Like Nationalism in 18th Century Europe

How Was Race An Enduring Theme In 18th Century Australian Politics?

2027 words - 9 pages STUDENT 11499120 STUDENT 11499120 How was race significant as an enduring theme in 19th century Australian politics?In the 19th century, Australian politics were governed based on race and status. Race will always be an enduring theme in politics, for no matter what colour, age or gender someone is, they will often fight for the right to govern themselves. The 19th century in Australia was a 100 years of cruelty, racism, intolerance and

Nationalism Leading To World War I - Faizan Sadiq

606 words - 3 pages comparable to the effects of Soviet-Americans dualism on the United Nations during the cold war. In Germany the old rulers repressed the nationalist movement ( mainly student and professors) after 1815. The German princes realized that nationalism required a reform or even destruction of the traditional monarchic stated. The causes of World War I were the intense nationalism that dominated Europe throughout the 19th and into the 20th century, and the

Life, Liberty and Fraternity

538 words - 3 pages “Life, liberty, and fraternity,” was the quote of the French Revolution. In the late 18th century, France underwent social, economic, and political problems. These problems led to the French Revolution. A revolution is an important period in history where there is a major change in political, social, and/or economic areas. There have been many throughout history, whether it is violent or non-violent. These revolutions have had complex

Nationalism - Essay

1266 words - 6 pages question must be asked, is nationalism really the main cause of the World War One? Therefore, in this essay, the focal point will be set on nationalism in Europe. Firstly, I will start the essay by defining the word nationalism, and briefly explain the nationalism in different countries in Europe in early twentieth century. Then, by analyzing the religion, ideology and culture of the countries I will emphasize the point it was inevitable that

Political Science

848 words - 4 pages and to turn one nation against another in destructive warfare. Nationalism was a debatable issue in 19th century. had developed differently in Western Europe and Eastern, Central Europe. Western Europe was identified with Civic Nationalism, and nationalism was also seen as an imperialist and economic movement. The first goal of nationalism was to create a modern, independent nation where none existed. Independent movements within the Ottoman

Nationalism And Democracy

4553 words - 19 pages is also referred as bad nationalism which results in holocaust, rapes and people immigrating from their native land, this where the question rises whether nationalism is always positive or sometimes have a negative consequences. This form of nationalism was most prominent in the 19th century in Europe and Latin America. This classical nationalism later spread across the world. It is important to understand issue of national identity which is a

Ethnicity Notes

1633 words - 7 pages together causes conflict 6. African – Americans A. 3 major migration patterns 1). 18th century – Africans brought in as slaves a). First slaves came to Jamestown, VA on a Dutch ship in 1619 b). First slaves were captured and sold by Africans c). First half of 18th century, 400,000 Africans shipped sent to US colonies; between 1710-1810, 10 million Africans shipped to Western Hemisphere

The Rise and Fall of Europe

848 words - 4 pages In the early 20th century Europe had acquired global dominance. Primarily its progress was due to the Industrial Revolution. However, there were many other factors that contributed to the rise of Europe. The first was the formation of alliance systems, which allowed for long term relationships between countries. Next was a sense of nationalism, which gave countries unity and allowed them to work together for the good of their country

Geopolitics of the Crimean War

2272 words - 10 pages The Crimean war is one of the most memorable and significant wars fought in 19th century Europe. It was a conflict that affected all of Europe from a geographical standpoint since Russia came to war with Britain, France, and Turkey after the decay of the Ottoman Empire. The Ottoman Empire called upon the aid of the British and French to help them in repelling the Russians, who wanted to expand their geopolitical interests as well as financial

The Decline of the Ottoman Empire

2990 words - 12 pages widespread within the Empire. As Lewis says, “the most important technical innovation from Europe outside the military field was undoubtedly printing”[29] The Turks knew about the printing press since the 14th Century but only adopted it in the 18th Century. The delay was due to religious conservatives skeptical of European inventions and its evil effects in society. Both the Janissaries in 1826 and the Mamluks in 1805 were massacred by the rulers

Summary of Imagined Communities

2448 words - 10 pages cultivated the beginnings of nationalist consciousness. After the Middle Ages, the communities saw an explosion of book publishing in vernacular languages. A number close to 20,000,000 books had already been printed in Europe by sixteenth century, and as many as 200,000,000 had been published by the seventeenth century, and that happened in part because of the impressive spread of the literature coming from Reformation. An

Related Essays

Nationalism In Europe Essay

1906 words - 8 pages Independence | 8 | | Nationalism’s Growth and Export | 10 | | | | CONCLUSION: | Conclusion | 11 | | References | 12 | | | | | | | | | | PREFACE In the name of Allah, the most gracious and the most merciful. This paper is concern with the chronology and major events during the rise of nationalism in Europe by the end of 19th century. These events are mostly political causes and have been important factors in

Nationalism In Europe Essay

9605 words - 39 pages July Revolution sparked an uprising in Brussels which led to Belgium breaking away from the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. 26. Explain the Greek was of Independence? Ans. Greece had been part of the Ottoman Empire since the fifteenth century. The growth of revolutionary nationalism in Europe sparked off a struggle for independence amongst the Greeks which began in 1821. Nationalists in Greece got support from other Greeks living in exile

Socio Economic Conditions In 18th Century Ireland

1195 words - 5 pages Paper Topic 1: Ireland, England and Swift.Early in the 18th century turmoil began to brew in Ireland. A series of rulings in the British house of Parliament took more and more control out of the hands of the Irish. Britain passed laws and instituted practices that were highly lucrative to it self yet immensely damaging to the people of its colonies (Colley 213). A number of political and intellectual figures began to speak out on the atrocities

Do You Accept The View Expressed In Source 1 That Europe Stood On ‘The Verge Of A New Age’ And That The Renaissance And The Reformation Marked Turning Points In 16th Century Society? 40 Marks

1011 words - 5 pages During the 16th Century the renaissance and the reformation both had a major impact on Europe, this was due to the liberties and new ideas that produced changes in the society. Source 1 concentrates more on the effect the renaissance had whereas Source 2 concentrate more on the reformation and its effects. These however are not the only factors that contributed the ‘new age’ which was being formed, for example other key turning points would be