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Napoleon Iii Essay

1369 words - 6 pages

Napoleon III

Napoleon III better known as Charles-Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte (April 20, 1808 - January 9, 1873) was the son of King Louis Bonaparte and Queen Hortense de Beauharnais; both monarchs of the Kingdom of Holland. Nephew of Napoleon I was the first president elected by the French republic. He was elected by popular vote 1848. Being named after one of the greatest rulers of France, Louis Napoleon III had no simple task, but that is not to say he did not handle it with tremendous grace.
During the rein of his uncle Louis Napoleon’ s parents were made king and queen of the Kingdom of Holland. Because of Napoleon I’s military defeats in 1815 every member of the Bonaparte family ...view middle of the document...

In order to avoid a war, Louis-Napoléon left Switzerland of his own accord. He was quietly exiled to the United States of America, and spent four years in New York. He also sailed to Central America. He secretly returned to France and attempted yet another coup in August 1840, sailing with some hired soldiers into Boulogne. This time, he was caught and sentenced to life imprisonment, albeit in relative comfort, in the fortress of the town of Ham in the Department of the Somme. While in the Ham fortress, his eyesight reportedly became poor. During his years of imprisonment, he wrote essays and pamphlets that combined his claim to be emperor with progressive, mildly socialist economic proposals, which he came to define as Bonapartism. In 1844, his uncle Joseph died, making him the heir apparent to the Bonaparte claim. He finally escaped to Southport, England in May 1846 by changing clothes with a mason working at the fortress. His enemies would later derisively nickname him "Badinguet", the name of the mason whose identity he assumed. A month later, his father Louis died, making Louis-Napoléon the clear Bonapartist candidate to rule France.” In the February revolution in 1848 France established a Republic, he was allowed back to return to France. He returned and was asked to leave by the provisional government, which was in power at that time. So he moved to England. When the constitution of the Second Republic was widely acknowledged elections were in state. Louis Napoleon posted his candidature and won on December 10th 1848.

He fed upon the identical name and used it to his advantage to further promote his reign. Having his up and downs, Louis Napoleon III always seemed to realize giving the people what they wanted would be in his best interest. Previously mentioned 'same name' fact gave the people of France a sense of comfort and trust in that a ruler of their liking was again rising to power. This gave Napoleon the necessary praise he deserved. Louis Napoleon III eased the fear of the middle-class and peasant property and gave them the compulsory protection from the socialist challenge of the urban workers that was so readily exclaimed by Karl Marx.In the 1850s Louis Napoleon regulated the pawnshops, supported the credit unions, and gave better housing for the working class. In the 1860s he also gave the workers the right to form a union and the right to strike. His lack of a structured governmental system and the presence of an all too obvious authoritarian regime left open a gaping exploit of his rule. Most of Louis Napoleon's accomplishments came domestically and contrary to that, his failures resided in foreign policy. Downfall came when Napoleon, nationalistic at heart, wanted to reorganize Europe on the principle of nationality and extend his French empire. He believed in government representing its people and should strive to help them economically. In previous years parliaments and political parties had been the dominant...

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