“Myocardial Infarction: a.k.a. The Heart Attack”
Disease Conditions 242
Myocardial infarction, also known as a heart attack, is a condition that occurs in both men and women when the blood supply to the heart is disrupted. The heart attack, as well as many other conditions, has signs and symptoms that lead up to the occurrence of one. There are tests that the appropriate medical physician can perform to confirm that a heart attack did happen. There are treatments that a patient can go through in order to get back on their feet after this situation has come about. Prognosis and prevention of this condition are also part of the post-heart attack process.
Chest pain is caused by the lack of blood to the heart which in turn is the lack of oxygen to the heart. Other symptoms that may occur prior to a heart attack include shortness of breath, excessive sweating, weakness, becoming light-headed, nausea, and vomiting.
The signs and symptoms don’t affect a wide range of body parts. They generally affect the chest. Sometimes patients say they had discomfort in their jaw, neck, shoulders, left arm, occasionally the right arm, upper stomach, and sometimes in the upper back.
Physicians will do various testing to confirm the disease. There are two basic kinds of tests that physicians will conduct and they are: laboratory tests and imaging tests. The lab tests that are conducted are blood tests looking at troponin, creatine, myoglobin levels, CBC, chemical profile, and ESR. The imaging tests include chest radiography, echocardiogram thallium scanning, MRI, and another common imaging test is the ECG. The first and most common diagnostic test that is performed is an ECG, electrocardiography, unless this occurs in a younger person because they are disproportionately represented.
After a heart attack has occurred in a patient they will run tests and then almost immediately start treatments. When someone has a heart attack they must be hospitalized to help relieve pain, stabilize heart rhythm, reduce heart workload, and preserve as much heart tissue as possible (Diseases of the Human Body). A heart monitor will be in effect in order to closely observe the rhythm of the heart. Aspirin, Heparin, Enoxaparin, Nitroglycerin, Metroprolol, and Alteplase are universal drugs...