ARE THERE MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES? |
|The topic that I have chosen is Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences. The theory of multiple intelligences was proposed by Howard Gardner in 1983 as a model of intelligence that differentiates intelligence in to various specific modalities, rather than seeing it as dominated by a single general ability. Gardner argues that there is a wide range of cognitive abilities, and that there are only very weak correlations among them. For example, the theory predicts that a child who learns to multiply easily is not necessarily generally more intelligent than a child who has more difficulty on this task. They may best learn to multiply through a ...view middle of the document...
Why? It is widely accepted that every person learns differently. Some learn with their hands, by doing, others by listening, and others visually. Still others require a combination of teaching methods. Howard Gardner categorizes the different ways of learning are categorized in a method called Multiple Intelligences. He has done extensive research and posits that there are seven different learning styles. A child not paying attention to a lesson may have a different learning style than the one being used. It is important, as a teacher, to know the Multiple Intelligence theory so that teachers can cater their teaching to students’ individual learning styles.
The different learning styles are important for the teachers to know so all students can understand the material covered in the classroom. Howard Gardner identifies these learning styles as follows: linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, interpersonal, and intrapersonal (Raedurn, 1999). Individual learning styles exist because each person’s brain is “programmed” differently.
The human brain is made up of two hemispheres: the right and the left. There is a saying by left-handed people: “if you are right handed you are not in your right mind.” That statement is true to a point. The left half of the brain controls the right half of the body and the right half of the brain controls the left half of the body. But learning works differently. Each hemisphere has its specialties, and the two hemispheres also work together as a whole to accomplish the learning (Brain Hemispheres).
Each hemisphere has its own responsibilities. The left hemisphere is responsible for learning from part to whole, is stimulated by function, phonetic reader, likes words, symbols, letters, unrelated factual information and detailed orderly instructions, prefers to read about it first, prefers internal focus, wants structure, and predictability. The right hemisphere is responsible for learning whole first, then parts, is stimulated by appearance, whole language reader, wants pictures, graphs, and charts, would rather see it or experience it first, finds relationships in learning, spontaneous, go with the flow, likely external focus, likes open-endedness and surprises (Brian Hemispheres). People who are left handed generally follow that learning pattern. So do right handed people follow the other learning pattern?
Walbolt (1997) finds that the brain hemispheres are not the only part of the brain connected with learning. For instance the brain stem controls breathing and circulation. The cerebrum handles the memory, learning, speech, and conscious control of movement. Those parts of the brain are important to learning and keeping memory. There is a process that the brain follows when trying to commit something to memory. A thought or memory is an electrical impulse that is sent through billions of nerve cells to be processed and is put into the brain’s memory. A memory can be...