This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Multilateral Intervention Within Asean Essay

2321 words - 10 pages

The admission of Burma into ASEAN and the reluctance of ASEAN to resolve Burma’s ongoing political turmoil (the most recent, 2010 elections) have sparked off much debate and controversy among the member states as well as the international community. This is because ASEAN upheavals the non-interference principle in managing its inter-relations, indicating lack of credibility, importance and unity. Therefore, this policy memo will suggest some short and long term strategies that will re-orientate political and economic change in Burma in accordance to ASEAN’s interest.

Firstly, the reputation of ASEAN is closely linked to the measures that should be taken to resolve ...view middle of the document...

Regional Stake Holders
United States
The United States are negotiating on free trade agreements (TIFA) with ASEAN, though the negotiations are relatively inactive due to some hindrances such as lack of transparency, large amount of bureaucratic paperwork to do business, especially in Burma (Aung Zwa) inequality (preferential policies) barring foreigners from the lucrative public procurement sector practiced by some member states of ASEAN (Lee Hock Guan). Besides that on the foreign policy and security front, the United States realizes the importance of ASEAN in facilitating to materialize its interest, to contain the rising of China and thus to remain as the hegemonic power in South East Asia. ASEAN is also playing as a key partner in combating against terrorism. This is because some Islamic extremist groups which are linked to Al-Qaeda had been using ASEAN countries to meet up for their attacks.

Firstly, there has been an influx of assistance, trade and investment from China to Burma. This can be seen as in just ten years, trade between Burma and China grew from US$15million to US$800 million. For instance, from 1991 to 1995, about $US740 million of approximately US$1 billion in arms purchased by Burma came from China. Therefore, China maintains a good relation with Burma because Burma had been importing its military hardware. Secondly, infrastructure development projects are supported by the China government such as road and railways intended to link Yunan with deep water port to Andaman. This is essential because it provides easy access for China to Indian Ocean, facilitating its maritime activities. The Chinese have also utilized their growing ties and Burma’s dependency to extend their influence into the Andaman Seas through the involvement of the Chinese navy in the development of naval port facilities. Besides that, in 2009 state-owned China National Petroleum Corporation started building a crude oil port in Burma, part of a pipeline that will carry 12 million metric tons of crude oil a year from the Middle East and Africa through Burma into China, roughly 6 percent of China’s total imports last year. Another pipeline, slated to come online in 2012, will have a capacity to bring in 12 million cubic meters of gas from Burma into China.

United Nations (UN)
Firstly, UN’s image is at stake because it had showed how difficult it is to translate ‘responsibility to protect’ into action. This is because in 2008, the United Nations announced that 171 nations have agreed that they would intervene, forcefully if necessary, if a state failed to protect its own people in a summit celebrating the organization's 60th birthday. However, this pledge is meaningless as one-third of children under 5 were undernourished with 3 percent of government spending going to public health, compared with 40 percent to the military in Burma.

Key actors in the rapidly Changing political situation in Burma

Other Papers Like Multilateral Intervention Within ASEAN

World Trade Organization Essay

5012 words - 21 pages structural issues), and the ITO (international economic cooperation). The WTO's predecessor, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), was established after World War II in the wake of other new multilateral institutions dedicated to international economic cooperation — notably the Bretton Woods institutions known as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. A comparable international institution for trade, named the

Disaster Management in South-East Asia Essay

5460 words - 22 pages ). At the regional level, the ASEAN convened, within 11 days, an international summit to address the situation. At the international level, the then UN Secretary General, Kofi Annan, was hands on as was the European Commission president, Jose Manuel Barroso.7 All the three wings of the Indian armed forces were able to render timely aid to the tsunami victims, before other relief arrived. Under Operation Gambhir in Indonesia, Indian aid included

Source of Funding

2851 words - 12 pages . Donors and multilateral agencies each have their own ODA priorities and strategies, in terms of regional and sector foci and types of intervention. Historically donor priorities have not necessarily matched those of recipient countries, which have resulted in a low ODA efficiency. For a discussion of these issues, please refer to the section that covers trends in ODA and the changing priorities of ODA that are currently taking place. ODA flows

Chapter 7 Essay

2637 words - 11 pages multilateral agreements have covered computer software and financial services. (p. 211; concept; Learning Objective 5; difficult; AACSB: Analytic Skills) HOW FIRMS SHOULD RESPOND TO GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION 13. How are investment-based entry strategies affected by tariffs? In a short essay, provide an example of an industry or firm that has minimized the burden of high tariffs. Answer Even investment-based entry is affected by tariffs if it

Ebay Strategy in China

911 words - 4 pages encourages corruption and back-channel methodologies, and American companies operating under compliance protocols may be less competitive in this particular climate. For instance, the government in China established five to ten year plans for local businesses to grow and has high concentrations of wealth among members of the Communist Party and related business families. U.S. firms that try to enter or grow within this specific environment struggle and

Bank Profile

5291 words - 22 pages detailed information on projects of interest • Information on Procurement Guidelines, Policies, Practices of • Multilateral Agencies • Assistance for Registration with Multilateral Agencies • Advising Bangladeshn companies on preparation of Expression of Interest, Capability Profile • Bid Intervention PROMOTING BANGLADESHN CONSULTANCY Tie-up with • International Finance Corporation, Washington D.C. o Africa

Legal Risks In Emerging Markets

4109 words - 17 pages is committed to the “ASEAN” Common Effective Preferential Tariffs (CEPT) scheme, under which all industrial products traded within “ASEAN” are subject to import duties of 0%-5% only. Malaysian legal system is based on English common law and therefore is business friendly. Although some restrictions and limits apply to foreign investors, in recent years they have been gradually reduced due to Government’s policy of liberalization in order to

That Are Involved

2554 words - 11 pages (NAFTA, EU, ASEAN, etc.) within that region. Write a 750 article for publication in a scholarly journal describing the pros and cons of regional integration. Describe the advantages and disadvantages of regional integration and relate the stage of economic development of the economically integrated region to potential business opportunities. 12/10/12 8 Learning Team Comprehensive Analysis Outline and Presentation Select a product and a country

World Risks That Could Impact Business

1338 words - 6 pages taking place. This growth and improvement in institutions create less possibilities for social unrest and conflicts internally. Thus, it will shift the focus towards building closer economic cooperation within ASEAN and the region, as well. Japan has also recovered economically and provides another source of strength towards Asian economic growth. I believe that cooperation and economic interdependence, as what institutional liberal theorists

Eurasian: the New Face of Asia

2379 words - 10 pages people have been the product of the United State’s belief in the “melting pot” where different cultures come together and blend into a harmonious unification with a common culture. This metaphor was challenged by multiculturalism, where cultural differences within society are preserved and remain distinct and so, the mixing of people was then associated with the assimilation of immigrants to American culture. After all, racial categories are

The Great War

1254 words - 6 pages happened to be standing. Seeing his chance, Princip fired into the car, shooting Franz Ferdinand and Sophie at point-blank range. Ferdinand and his wife were rushed from the scene to seek medical attention, but both died within the hour (Keegan, 1998). In the wake of such a crime Austria-Hungary needed to enforce its authority. But with the threat of Russian intervention and its army unprepared for a large-scale war, it required Germany’s help

Related Essays

Asean Essay

8221 words - 33 pages all member countries believe democratic processes will promote regional peace and stability. Also, the non-democratic members all agreed that it was something all member states should aspire to.[29] The leaders of each country, particularly Mahathir Mohamad of Malaysia, also felt the need to further integrate the region. Beginning in 1997, the bloc began creating organisations within its framework with the intention of achieving this goal. ASEAN

East Asian Cooperation Essay

910 words - 4 pages March when difficulties in Thailand’s financial institutions sparked a tremendous outflow of capital from the country. As capital fled, the Thai baht was weakened, forcing the government to float. Within weeks, the crisis spread to Indonesia, Malaysia, and the Philippines. By the end of 1997 Thailand, Indonesia, and Korea had all been forced to turn to International Monetary Fund for funding aid in return for agreement to reform their economies

Critical Report

1809 words - 8 pages reinventing itself as a model of Asian regionalism. ASEAN has seen progress in terms of its economic trading block, but continues to face challenges in terms of reaching a consensus on political and security issues. As the organization operates on the basis of a consensus mechanism and non-intervention policy there is no enforcement mechanism for implementing its policies. ASEAN’s credibility is at stake on the ThaiCambodian border question and

Are Regional Organizations Best Suited To Manage Security Threats In Their Own Geographical Area?

3066 words - 13 pages Are Regional Organisations best suited to manage security threats in their own geographical area? Introduction: Since the end of the Second World War there has been a constant growth of regional organisations military, political and economic. The process of decolonization at the end of the 2nd World War has accelerated this growth. Today there are more then 50 regional organizations with various aims and objectives from NATO to ASEAN, Arab