This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Multiculturalism Essay

1988 words - 8 pages

IntroductionSince the landing of the first Europeans, migration and immigration policies have shaped the history of Australia. These have changed from а forced migration of predominantly Britons 200 years ago, to а racially restrictive immigration policy favouring Anglo-Celtics, to more open policies to include people from all races and countries beginning in the 1970s. Today Australia has become one of the most ethnically diverse societies in the world with speakers of over 120 different languages. Based on the 1991 census, 22.3% of the Australian population was born overseas, and 41.9% had at least one parent born overseas. (Parsons, 2003) There is no doubt that Australia has ...view middle of the document...

(Minas, 2001) It is thus particularly important to ensure that Australia will not become socially disintegrated with increasing ethnic conflicts as is the experience of many other countries today.
In order to plan and provide equitable, culturally sensitive and appropriate services for migrant groups, health professionals need to be aware of and identify cross-cultural health issues. This paper will draw attention to selected migrant health issues and recommend measures to address them. However, before dealing with specifics, we need to clarify some concepts fundamental to the understanding of cross-cultural phenomena and the recurrent migrant policy debates.
Ethnocentrism and Cultural RelativismHumans learn to behave from the group they live and interact with. The group norms they adopt become the standard by which to measure other's behaviour. It is thus natural for human beings to be ethnocentric, judging others' culture by the one they regard as the normal and only correct one, their own. (Manderson, 2001) Thus, to promote cross-cultural awareness we need to promote cultural relativism, the view that all cultures have equal standing, that all are correct, normal, and valuable to those making them up, and that cultures cannot be ranked better or worse.
People from different cultures have different beliefs, values, and practices. It cannot be assumed that the way things are done in one culture is the only or the best way to do them. This tenet can also be applied to the health area. Other than the bio-medical model, there are theories to explain illness developed in various other cultures such as the Greek humoral theory, the holistic yin-yang balance theory of the Chinese, and the Ayurvedic medical theory of India. It is important to appreciate that each tradition has its internal logic and has been developed over time. (Lin, 2003)Ethnicity and CultureWhereas racial characteristics are inherited and immutable, ethnicity refers to the cultural distinctiveness of a group and is changeable over time. An ethnic group is а social group with а shared cultural distinctiveness, linguistic, religious, etc., and а sense of а separate and collective identity while living within а larger society. By definition, all residents of Australia are members of one or more ethnic groups.
Assimilation and EthnicityAssimilation is а process of eliminating distinctive group characteristics and cultural identity and replacing them with characteristics from another culture, usually the dominant host culture in the society. To assimilate fully means that one has to abandon their social upbringing and reject their cultural identity, something difficult if not impossible and very unnatural for first generation migrants to achieve. For most migrant families, the assimilation process can be achieved with increasing success in subsequent generations--if there are no structural barriers such as racial discrimination and the host society is...

Other Papers Like Multiculturalism

Letter - Multiculturalism Essay

532 words - 3 pages Dear Sir/Madam, I am writing in regards to Duncan Waterson’s letter to the editor to your newspaper, outlining his opinions of Geoffrey Blainey’s recently released book – All for Australia. I strongly disagree with Waterson. Geoffrey Blainey’s new book one of the few pieces of quality literature of this time that manages to capture the bleak reality of the so-called ‘multiculturalism’ and its consequences. In actuality, the effects of the new

Poetry Anthology - Multiculturalism Essay

817 words - 4 pages Australia is a multicultural society, which means that we are made up of people from all different cultures and backgrounds. Poetry on multicultural Australia can reveal both the positive and negative aspects of our multicultural society. This anthology will examine three Australian poems concerned with the topic of multiculturalism, each presenting a different image and opinion. The first poem, ‘If I was the son of an Englishman,’ by

Multiculturalism And The Canadian Identity

2590 words - 11 pages Multiculturalism and the Canadian identity. Introduction What is Canada? What is a Canadian? Canada, to employ Voltaire's analogy, is nothing but “a few acres of snow.”. Of course, the philosopher spoke of New France, when he made that analogy. More recently, a former Prime Minister, Joe Clark, said that the country was nothing but a “community of communities”. Both these images have helped us, in one way or another, try to interpret what

The Impact of Multiculturalism on Western Societies

2310 words - 10 pages Multiculturalism is a public policy approach for managing cultural diversity in a multi ethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a country's borders. As a policy, multiculturalism emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures, especially as they relate to one another in receiving nations. The word was first used in 1957 to describe Switzerland, but came into common currency

Mgmt-415 Multiculturalism and the International Company

1412 words - 6 pages Multiculturalism and the International Company MGMT - 415 American InterContinental University January 13, 2013 Abstract This paper will cover issues that a company may face in a foreign country, as well as what can happen if cultural barriers and diversity is ignored, the importance of diversity in the international arena and the importance of these items in PPQ Parts expansion in Germany and Japan

Australian Bail Speech

734 words - 3 pages Oral Good morning/Good afternoon everyone, today I will be talking to you about the downfalls of multiculturalism and attempting to persuade you into believing that Australia’s identity is being compromised. Australia should continue to encourage multiculturalism and immigration, but not at the cost of our traditions, values and culture. All Australians need to have a primary focus on being a part of the mainstream culture and community. Today

Discuss How Castles Sees Mulitculturalism

1656 words - 7 pages “Discuss how Castles Multiculturalism” The emergence of multiculturalism as prominent term in Western discourse concerning ethnic diversity, conflict and management coincides with increasing awareness in the Western industrial societies, especially over the last two decades, that ethnic groups had not lost their saliency in the lives of large numbers of people. Their earlier perceptions about such a loss of saliency coincides with the 19th


378 words - 2 pages Msgin 1. What are some of the issues the host foreign country could face as a result of the expansion? 2. Why has diversity become such an important topic in the international arena?  3. What can occur when issues related to multiculturalism and diversity are ignored in an international company? 4. Describe at least 2 political and 2 economic issues that may arise during global expansion and proposed methods of addressing

Racial harmony-are we there yet

902 words - 4 pages in constant development through interaction between human beings.�Recent events around the world have highlighted the need for open discussion on multiculturalism and the strategies to improve racial harmony. �Having many different cultures enriches and strengthens our community; it means we have access to new ideas, new skills, new ways of enjoying ourselves. It also provide us with new tastes, colours and flavours from around the world

Multiculturism In Australia

731 words - 3 pages Multiculturalism in Australia Student’s Name University Multiculturalism in Australia Multiculturalism is a political agenda aimed at maintenance of religious, ethical, and cultural diversity in the society. In the most cases, multiculturalism is associated with Australia (Nagle, 2009). More and more immigrants arrive in Australia. The Australian government takes measures according to the control of

Pierre Trudeau: One of the Most Influential Canadians of All Time

1078 words - 5 pages culture and advances our nation like no other. He founds the solutions to the many problems Canada encounters today. Through his leadership and dedication to the Canadian federal system, Pierre Trudeau works towards a more united and independent Canada, while promoting multiculturalism, bilingualism, and liberalism. Initially attracting wide praise for his outspoken manner and youthful lifestyle, Pierre Trudeau quickly captures the

Related Essays

Multiculturalism Essay

1045 words - 5 pages 4. Outline the arguments for and against the policy of multiculturalism. What are the advantages and disadvantages of officially promoting multiculturalism? 4. Outline the arguments for and against the policy of multiculturalism. What are the advantages and disadvantages of officially promoting multiculturalism? Background Multiculturalism in Canada is the ideology that all people have equal opportunities and rights regardless of

Multiculturalism Essay

642 words - 3 pages Multiculturalism, 2011 Viewpoint Article 1 Article 2 Points of View: Multiculturalism, 2011 Point: Immigrants Must Assimilate into American Culture. Counterpoint: Multiculturalism Will Segregate Society Culturally and Economically. Citation Badertscher, E. (2011). Point: Immigrants Must Assimilate into American Culture. Points Of View: Multiculturalism, 2. Wilson, B. (2011). Counterpoint: Multiculturalism Will Segregate Society

Multiculturalism Essay

884 words - 4 pages In today’s society, there are many different terms and definitions used to describe multiculturalism. For example, “melting pot”, “mosaic”, and “assimilation” are the most commonly used terms today to describe multiculturalism. However, with societies different definitions of multiculturalism there will always be stereotyping, bias opinions, racism as well as problems associated with cultural references. Nevertheless, by raising awareness of the

Multiculturalism Essay 852 Words

852 words - 4 pages Multiculturalism Felix Dong Social psychology paper #1 Multiculturalism I know many of my friends including myself that has been raised in a multi culture family, or you can call it mixed race. I feel it is easier for me who has lived in two cultures because I was introduced to a hybrid or variable perspective on life. Basically a hybrid perspective is a perspective that integrates two or more cultures viewpoints and way of life into one