Motivation Concepts Analysis
Motivational concepts assist humans to achieve goals throughout life. Drive theory plays an integral role in motivation both intrinsic and extrinsic. The drive theory is one of three grand theories of motivational concepts. Motivation has been traced back to the ancient Greeks. Three of the Greek Philosophers has beliefs that motivation was a part of a hierarchically arranged soul. At the primate level was hunger and ...view middle of the document...
The two types of motivation that exist are intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.
Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation
Motivation in the workplace is both intrinsic and extrinsic. Intrinsic is a person desire to achieve desired goals because the driver is personal satisfaction and self praise. Employees who demonstrates intrinsic motivation is usually looking for growth, advancement, additional responsibilities, and even recognition. The employee received gratification from doing a job provides interest, challenges, and is empowered. The satisfaction is achieved through completing goals or responsibilities. Extrinsic motivation is achieved through incentives or rewards. In the workplace the rewards may be a day off, additional pay increases, or bonus programs for completing assigned responsibilities or goals. Motivationally driven rewards rather than personal satisfaction are extrinsic motivation. A common strategy used by employers to motivate employees to meet demands or goals by providing rewards. Research has proven that employers would rather support intrinsic motivation rather than extrinsic motivation because intrinsic motivation is a stronger strategy long-term. Acquiring a workforce looking to perform and grow is a much stronger workforce than waiting to be rewarded to complete responsibilities and achieve goals. Once employee is provided extrinsic benefits employees tend not to be intrinsically motivated. Employers must intrinsically motivate employees to help develop the employee by providing a sense of value through challenges, responsibilities, and recognition for a job well done (Silva, 2009).
Drive Motivation in the Workplace Examples
Drive motivation regardless if the theory were derived from Freud or Hull, was based upon three fundamental assumptions. The first assumption was the drive that emerged from bodily need. The second assumption was behavior, and the third was the drive reduction reinforcing and produced learning (Reeve, 2009).
The first example of workplace drive motivation is the dispensing of medication in a physician practice. The motivation will mainly be derived by extrinsic motivation. The goal of the physician practice is to dispense prefilled medication to patients who have been in automobile accidents because the patient’s automobile insurance will pay for the medication and not force the patient to go to a nearby pharmacy. The profits will remain in the physicians practice as ancillary revenue rather than giving it to the local pharmacy. The drive motivation is the increase in revenue in the physician’s practice from the sale of pharmaceuticals. The extrinsic motivation is to bonus the staff to review the schedule of the physician and identify of the patients who have been in a recent automobile accident. The outcome of the drive motivation is better patient care because the patient is receiving medication faster and is more convenient than waiting in a pharmacy for the prescription to...