This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Motivation And The Brain Essay

1183 words - 5 pages

Motivation and the Brain: Refraining From Drug Use
University of Phoenix
October 15, 2012

Motivation and the Brain: Refraining From Drug Use
Drug addiction within society today has become a big problem. To combat this growing epidemic, research is constantly being done to determine why these behaviors occur and how to refrain from the urge to use psychoactive drugs. Why people do it can be answered simply, because they like the way that psychoactive drugs make them feel. A psychoactive drug is any chemical substance that by affecting the function of the brain alters a person’s behavior and mood (Deckers, 2010). Psychoactive drugs can be anything from caffeine that is ...view middle of the document...

Psychoactive drugs travel to the synapses of the neurons where they either stimulate the neurons in this system or they influence the actions of dopamine that is already there causing the brain reward that can result in the continuance of use of the psychoactive drugs, thereby leading to addiction (Deckers, 2010).

One way to refrain from continuing drug use once an addiction has been developed is through drugs known as antagonists. Antagonists work by blocking psychoactive drugs from binding with the appropriate neurons (Deckers, 2010). An antagonist of dopamine is pimozide, in 1977 researchers de Wit and Wise injected rats with this antagonist and the result was that the rats experienced a reduced responsiveness for a cocaine reinforcer (Deckers, 2010). A similar study conducted in 1992 by Stewart and Wise injected rats with a substance called naltrexone, which is an antagonist of heroin. The rats were able to press a lever that supplied them with a heroin reinforcer; the rats who received the injection of naltrexone however began to decrease in the behavior of pressing the lever for the release of the reinforcer which exhibited a decline in the motivation for heroin (Deckers, 2010).

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Factors
There have been recent discoveries in the field of neuroscience that conclude that a predisposition to substance abuse is often genetically and environmentally determined (Fishbein & Tarter, 2009). Individuals who are more likely to engage in substance abuse have been found to possess a larger number of particular gene deviations that have an effect on the metabolism and activity of dopamine, norepinephrine, and serotonin (Fishbein & Tarter, 2009). Physiological, neuropsychological, and neuroimaging studies have also found a dysfunction of particular brain regions that result in an added vulnerability to drug addiction (Fishbein & Tarter, 2009). While the added vulnerability caused by the genetic deviations or the dysfunction of brain regions is more likely inherited through the human genome, extreme stress caused by our environment can also effect changes (Anton, 2010).Knowing that this aspect of the brains function can be altered by our environment allows the possibility for prevention programs to develop that could identify vulnerabilities in the youth for the purpose of early prevention and identifying the environmental factors that may result in these vulnerabilities.

Refraining from drug abuse after an addiction has already developed presents quite more of a struggle than refraining from the behavior initially. Once addicted an individual may be unable to...

Other Papers Like Motivation and the Brain

The Brain and Behavior Essay

1083 words - 5 pages The Brain and Behavior Essay The Brain and Behavior Essay The temporal and frontal lobes are only two of the four lobes that make up the neocortex. Both have very specific responsibilities within the brain. The frontal lobe of the brain deals with executing behavior. This behavior ranges from individual muscle control, to complex abstract planning about what to do ("Examining The Brain’s Four Lobes

Déjà Vu And The Brain Essay

1763 words - 8 pages UGH! I Just Got the Creepiest Feeling That I Have Been Here Before: Déjà vu and the Brain, Consciousness and Self We have all some experience of a feeling, that comes over us occasionally,, of what we are saying and doing having been said and done before, in a remote time - of our having been surrounded, dim ages ago, by the same faces, objects, and circumstances - of our knowing perfectly what will be said next, as if we suddenly remember

Strusture And Funstions Of The Brain

716 words - 3 pages Structure and Functions of the Brain Word Search Highlight your answers in the word search below. X B L A L M D D W F L S C T P S N I O A E U G O A F P U W I R U S V A J W G O M T Z V F K D R A I T E P U E O V V H C Y R T G P B M H H Y E H M R H C P V O C G O Y C J C O R P U S C A L L O S U M I D C V T E T S U G V E N C Y P T M F A P A Y F K G R U U L H O N O R E Z H S O I L R Y V Z G E Q M I N W P M D Y H V T T A

Wordsearch Structure and Functions of the Brain

710 words - 3 pages University of Phoenix Material Structure and Functions of the Brain Word Search Highlight your answers in the word search below. X B L A L M D D W F L S C T P S N I O A E U G O A F P U W I R U S V A J W G O M T Z V F K D R A I T E P U E O V V H C Y R T G P B M H H Y E H M R H C P V O C G O Y C J C O R P U S C A L L O S U M I D C V T E T S U G V E N C Y P T M F A P A Y F K G R U U L H O N O R E Z H S O I L R Y V Z G E Q

Cigarettes And Their Destruction Of The Brain

709 words - 3 pages Cigarettes and Their Destruction of the Brain      Smokers generally feel more comfortable after that especially important first cigarette of the day. Within just a few seconds of "lighting up," smoking activates mind-altering changes. Smokers are well aware of the long-term risks of their habit: such as lung cancer, heart disease, emphysema, and other deadly illnesses. However, smokers are attracted by the

The Concept of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation

943 words - 4 pages athletes to know whether or not they should be considered as: “basic”, “elite”, or “competitive” athletes. 57.4 total percent of these athletes both male/female were considered “basic” athletes, whereas 40 total percent were considered “competitive” athletes, leaving 3 percent of the remaining athletes known as “elite.” In terms of intrinsic motivation, the more competitive athletes were found to be more relaxed and focused

The Brain and the Human Body (Uop Psy/240)

1046 words - 5 pages ndividual 1 The Brain and The Human Body PSY/240 9-1-2013 Individual 2 Introduction Human’s beings are the most interesting but confusing animal’s mammals alive. Anyway you look at it we have evolved into these great

The Difference Between Male and Female Brain in the Workplace

2181 words - 9 pages Maria Fernanda Paredes 10 June 2015 The Difference between Male and Female Brain in the Workplace Human beings are the main creature on the earth because they are rational people with an amazing knowledge which has been demonstrated since they establish as a society by implementing new science areas, developing more technology day by day and so on. Even though male and female have the same purpose and thoughts to be better as a person

Violent Video Games and the Effects on the Brain

1987 words - 8 pages Violent Video Games: and the Affects on the Brain. Carolyn Spencer Biological Psychology Dr. Ann Fulop November 23, 2008 Violent Video Games: And the Effects on the Brain Have you seen the video games on the market today? Isn’t it ironic how these colorful, brutish and intense visual images are directed towards children? These images are exciting enough to catch anyone’s eyes, especially our youth. According to David

The Role of Motivation in Wellness Coaching and Weight Loss

4922 words - 20 pages The Role of Motivation in Wellness Coaching and Weight Loss Liberty University Abstract The consequences of the American lifestyle, obesity and its associated comorbidities, on healthcare costs is staggering. Physicians prescribe behavioral changes such as diet and exercise, and hand out information on how to decrease stress. Wellness coaching has an opportunity to address clients holistically in order to achieve the behavioral changes

Motivation, And How Motivate To Perform In The Workplace

1371 words - 6 pages To find good workers is not that easy, but it’s even harder to stop employee’s turnover. Company must ensure that employees perform tasks, increase productivity and feel the satisfaction of their work. To make this happen companies need to ensure that their employees are motivated. 1.1. Motivation – to encourage people to act, so that they and their company would reach their setup goals and to ensure that all sides will be satisfied

Related Essays

Motivation And The Brain Essay

1132 words - 5 pages The Brain and Motivation Motivation to Stop Smoking Christina Cheshire Emeka Wolfe-Norman, Ed.S, LPC PSY/ 355 February 27, 2012

Music And The Brain Essay

1862 words - 8 pages Music and the Brain: A Relaxing State of Mind Tina Wireman ENG 102-2132 Argumentative Analysis Essay Baker College Music and the Brain: A Relaxing State of Mind The study of how music affects the mind has been a subject of interest for many. The interconnection between music and the physical and mental health of humans has been researched for many years. Research has shown that music does have positive effects on the mind. It has the

The Brain And Behavior Essay

1007 words - 5 pages The Brain and Behavior Essay 1The Brain and Behavior EssayMichelle SawyerBEH/22507/27/2014The Brain and Behavioral EssayThe brain is the most complex organ in the body. The human brain is very unique. There are different sections of the brain and each section has a unique job. The brain can control a person's mood, the organs, and hormones and how the body moves and operates. This paper will describe two parts of the brain, the frontal lobe and

The Brain And Cognitive Function Essay

1116 words - 5 pages The Brain and Cognitive Functions Centuries of philosophy and science have been dedicated to unraveling the mystery behind how cognition occurs, how it maps to areas of the brain, and to what degree cognition is dependant upon these various areas in which cognitive activities are located. Modern neuroscience has helped tremendously to provide some answers as have tests on brain trama patients such as Phineas Gage which revealed startling