Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented
behaviors. The term motivation is derived from the Latin word movere, meaning "to move."
Motivation is what causes us to act. Motivation can also be the reason for an individual's action
or that which gives purpose and direction to behavior. Motivation is any Internal and external
process that stimulate desire and energy in people to be continually interested and committed to a
job, role or subject, or to make an effort to attain a goal. Motivation plays an important role in a
business environment, as employee motivation is believed to improved work performance.
Motivation results from the ...view middle of the document...
man acts to gain pleasure, or to avoid pain. These are essentially the two forms of emotional
motivation man experiences. Positive motivation is the type of motivation a person feels when he
expects a certain reward. Also, Positive motivation is meant to motivate us for the rest of our
actions in life, in the pursuit of values. Negative motivation in the other hand is the type of
feeling a person gets when he expects punishment. Negative motivation is meant to help us
avoid damage. Both positive and negative motivation can lead to the same result however on the
long run overuse of negative motivation may result in problems like hating the person who uses
it against you. For example a boss who always uses negative motivation to motivate his
employees is most likely going to be hated. The difference between positive and negative
motivation is that positive motivation doesn't have side effects on the long run while negative
motivation may have some. It is considered hat you use positive and negative motivation
together whenever possible because it has been proven that people become more motivated that
way. By using both positive and negative motivation together you will be able to motivate the
people you are dealing with to a great extent.
Motivation techniques in the past were very different from today. Many people are
questioning on whether the motivation techniques of yesterday are still useful today. With a
stable economy, high standard of living, and a low unemployment rate, it may seem that there
are not many things that can motivate employees today. However, greediness is part of human
nature. People always want more and never seem satisfied with what they have. Labor leaders
often argue that workers can be motivated by more pay, shorter working hours, and improved
working conditions. Meanwhile some experts suggest that motivation can be more effectively
enhanced by providing employees with more freedom and greater responsibility. Both of these
views represent content views of motivation. Other factors that have a tremendous impact are
recognition, respect, involvement, advancement, and interesting and meaningful work. Although
there are several theories on motivation, the needs hierarchy approach has been advanced by
many theorists. Needs hierarchies assume that people have different needs that can be arranged
in a hierarchy of importance. The best know is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs theory, published in
1943. According to humanist psychologist Abraham Maslow, our actions are motivated in order
to achieve certain needs. This theory is based on the belief that individuals are motivated to
satisfy their needs and within every individual there are five needs and they are related to each
other in the form of a hierarchy. Abraham Maslow believed that these needs are similar to instincts
and play a major role in motivating behavior. This hierarchy is most often array as a...