Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge.
It involves the biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate behavior. In everyday usage, the term motivation is frequently used to describe why a person does something.
Psychologists have proposed a number of different theories of motivation, including drive theory, instinct theory and humanistic theory.
There are three major components to motivation: activation, persistence and intensity. Activation involves the decision to initiate a behavior, such as enrolling in a psychology class. Persistence is the continued effort toward a goal even though obstacles may exist, such as taking more psychology ...view middle of the document...
Motivation in the workplace isn't about what you do for your employees; it's about the work you empower your employees to do for you.
Real motivation comes from the work itself, not the rewards given for doing the work. Research shows that providing more money, less time at work and better fringe benefits in the name of motivation only motivates people to expect them and ask for more. Recognize that people are natural problem-solvers. You must always build trust: Take time to get to know your people. Make the transition from problem-solver to coach. You have to focus on what's working. In addition to making time to let people tout their own achievements to you, public recognition is also necessary to extend that achievement into a feeling of responsibility and accountability in the workplace.
The basic perspectives on motivation are: needs, behavior, and satisfaction. In other words, you have certain needs or wants, and this causes you to do certain things (behavior), which satisfy those needs (satisfaction), and this can then change which needs/wants are primary. Part of what a theory of motivation tries to do is explain and predict who has which wants. This turns out to be exceedingly difficult. Many theories posit a hierarchy of needs, in which the needs at the bottom are the most urgent and need to be satisfied before attention can be paid to the others. Some of these examples of needs are: self-actualization, esteem, belongingness, safety, and physiological.
Motivation = Empowerment -- Motivating Employees -- Increasing Productivity | Inc.com. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.inc.com/resources/leadership/articles/20070801/musselwhite.html
Cherry, K. (n.d.). Motivation. Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/mindex/g/motivation-definition.html