TABLE OF CONTENTS
2. Types of motivation
3. Major theories of motivation
4. Importance of motivation
5. Benefits and effects of motivation
Competition between organizations is becoming more and more fierce. It requires organizations to operate efficiently while innovates effectively for the future. ‘Managers and leaders within those organizations cannot only be focused on the market success and profitability of each project, but they also need to motivate their employees in order to be profitable and successful.’
‘Motivation is one of the most critical drivers in personal and ...view middle of the document...
Many management theorists have provided insights into motivation. Abraham Maslow's hierarchy of needs provides insight into personal behavior patterns. Other influential research has been conducted by Frederick Herzberg, who looked at job satisfaction.’
2. TYPES OF MOTIVATION
Most theories of motivation aim to identify, classify, and explain wants and needs. Some wants and needs are universal. For an instance, everyone wants at least some social contact, and everyone needs to eat, drink, and sleep. However some people are more motivated by some wants and needs than by others.
In general, there are two major types of motivation: internal motivation and external motivation. These are also known as intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation lies within the person, whether it is hunger or thirst or a need to learn something or to control something. ‘Extrinsic motivation lies outside the person. The want or need comes from something in the environment, or something someone else does.’ Each of us is a subject to both, internal and external motivators. One goal in becoming a motivated person is to understand various motivators as they affect us. Then we can manage our motivation rather then jerked around by environment or other people.
“Extrinsic motivation refers to motivation that comes from outside an individual. The motivating factors are external, or outside, rewards such as money or grades. These rewards provide satisfaction and pleasure that the task itself may not provide.
An extrinsically motivated person will work on a task even when they have little interest in it because of the anticipated satisfaction they will get from some reward. The rewards can be something as minor as a smiley face to something major like fame or fortune. For example, extrinsically motivated people who dislikes math may work hard on a math equation because want the reward for completing it. In the case of a student, the reward would be a good grade on an assignment or in the class.
Extrinsic motivation does not mean, however, that a person will not get any pleasure from working on or completing a task. It just means that the pleasure they anticipate from some external reward will continue to be a motivator even when the task to be done holds little or no interest. An extrinsically motivated student, for example, may dislike an assignment, may find it boring, or may have no interest in the subject, but the possibility of a good grade will be enough to keep the student motivated in order for him or her to put forth the effort to do well on a task.”
‘Intrinsic motivation refers to motivation that comes from inside an individual rather than from any external or outside rewards, such as money or grades.
The motivation comes from the pleasure one gets from the task itself or from the sense of satisfaction in completing or even working on a task.
An intrinsically motivated person will work on a math equation, for example, because it is...