Motivation could be described as the impetus or driving force that compels an individual or a body to performing an action with respect to achieving a goal which in itself may be tangible like money or intangible like for instance an attribute. Motivation is considered to be a highly relative concept as for example though two or more individuals may be performing the same action which may even have the same end result but the motivation that led to the efforts may have been different as also the way the end result is interpreted. Motivation is dependent to a certain degree on the society and culture or in short the environment in which the individual exists that defines the overall route ...view middle of the document...
Still, there are two areas where this humanistic theory has a specific and general implication for schools. Specifically, teachers have to accept that children whose physiological (e.g., food and physical) and safety (e.g., shelter and physical health) needs are not being met regularly and adequately will not be able to learn academic content. Therefore, teachers may have to intervene with social services agencies (often through the school or district's offices) to insure that students are receiving medical attention and/or meal and shelter. Too many people, including educators, believe that children's safety and physiological needs are easily met in our society; ask inservice teachers if they know of students who are abused, come to school hungry, or don't have proper clothes or housing. These are real problems; too many of our youth. Maslow's theory, though, is weak because it offers nothing concrete about how teachers are supposed to meet these needs. In his theory teachers are encouraged to help meet children's need for love, belongingness, and self-esteem. These are important aspects that teachers should be aware of, but they will likely have to borrow/use techniques from other areas (cognitive and behavioral recommendations) to determine how to best do this.
A person's motivation is a combination of desire and energy directed at achieving a goal. Influencing someone's motivation means getting them to want to do what you know must be done. A person's motivation depends upon two things:
• The strength of certain needs. For example, you are hungry, but you must have a task completed by a nearing deadline. If you are starving you will eat. If you are slightly hungry you will finish the task at hand.
The perception that taking a certain action will help satisfy those needs. For example, you have two burning needs - the desire to complete the task and the desire to go to lunch. Your perception of how you view those two needs will determine which one takes priority. If you believe that you could be fired for not completing the task, you will probably put off lunch and complete the task. If you believe that you will not get into trouble or perhaps finish the task in time, then you will likely go to lunch.
People can be motivated by such forces as beliefs, values, interests, fear, and worthy causes. Some of these forces are internal, such as needs, interests, and beliefs. Others are external, such as danger, the environment, or pressure from a loved one. There is no simple formula for motivation -- you must keep a open viewpoint on human nature. There is a complex array of forces steering the direction of each person and these forces cannot always be seen or studied. In addition, if the same forces are steering two different people, each one may act differently. Knowing that each person may react to different needs will guide your decisions and actions in certain situations.
As a leader you have the power to influence motivation. The...