Motivation Essay

771 words - 4 pages

Caryl Ann M. Cotelo BSOA-OM IV-AChoosing an appropriate Motivational ModelMany business managers today are not aware of the effects that motivation can (and does) have on their business, and it is therefore important they learn and understand the factors that determine positive motivation in the workplace.Motivation is something that is approached differently by different business and the responsibility of its integration lies with all immediate supervisors of staff. However, it is the business owner who must initiate motivation as a strategy to attain corporate goals.Motivation:Is a Latin word, which means to move. It is the willingness of an individual to respond to organizational requirements.Koontz O'Donnell defines it as " a general term applying to the entire class of drives, desires, needs wishes & similar forces that induce an individual or a group of people at workIt can also be defined as "a willingness to expend energy to ...view middle of the document...

Incentive or goal: Attaining an incentive will restore the balance. After achieving the goal, needs & drives will be reduced.Three Common Aspects of Motivation1.Effort-concerns the magnitude or intensity of employee's work-related behavior.2.Persistence- concerns the sustained efforts employee's manifested in their work-related activities3.Direction- quality of an employee's work- that is the investment of sustained efforts in a direction that benefits the employer.Nature/Characteristics of MotivationUnending process: human wants keep changing & increasing.A psychological concept: deals with the human mind.Whole individual is motivated: as it is based on psychology of the individual.Motivation may be financial or non-financial: Financial includes increasing wages, allowance, bonus, perquisites etc.Motivation can be positive or negative: Positive motivation means use of incentives - financial or non-financial. Ex. of positive motivation: confirmation, pay rise, praise etc. Negative motivation means emphasizing penalties. It is based on force of fear. Ex. demotion, termination.Motivation & job satisfaction are different: Motivation is goal-oriented behavior. Job satisfaction is the outcome of job performance.Importance of MotivationPuts human resources into actionImproves level of efficiency of employeesLeads to achievement of organizational goalsBuilds friendly relationshipLeads to stability of work forceMotivational Models1. Content Theories of Motivation-Emphasis on what motivates individuals.Examples:Maslow's need HierarchyMacgregor's Theories X & YHerzberg's two factors theory2.Process Theories of Motivation-Emphasis on actual process of motivationExamples:Three needs Theory ( McClelland)Goal-setting TheoryReinforcement TheoryEquity TheoryExpectancy Theory10 Easy Steps to Motivate your Employees1.Clearly define your vision.2.Give employees what they want and need.3.Communicate well and often.4.Get everyone engaged.5.Coach for success, and practice random acts of kindness.6.Act fairly, respect, and create trust7.Trust and verify, but also try to make work fun.8.Give special attention to high-potential employees.9.Be creative to avoid downsizing.10.Implement incentive programs.

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