Mood Disorders Essay

888 words - 4 pages

Psychiatric Diseases, Disorders, and Drugs
LaTisha Davis
Psych 240
April 15, 2012

Psychiatric Diseases, Disorders, and Drugs
Mood disorders are by definition disturbances in mood or prolonged emotional state. Almost anyone can suffer from mood disorders including children. These disorders range from depression, bipolar disorder to mania. In each of the states of the disorder, the person is either in a euphoric state or extremely sad state of mind. Although a person may experience mood changes in their life, and may be happy at times and then sad other time, it become a psychological disorder when the symptoms last longer than a certain amount of time.
Depression is the most common ...view middle of the document...

They can become aggressive and begin to have hallucinations if the symptoms go persist without treatment.
Bipolar disorder is a combination of depression and mania. At times a person with bipolar disorder will feel extremely high, and all of the sudden their mood changes to extremely low, also there are periods of extreme aggressiveness. These mood alternate and last for a period of a few days to a few months, although there can be periods in between where the persons behavior is normal. Bipolar disorder is often caused by biological factors, and the chances of men versus women being diagnosed with the disorder are equal. Bipolar disorder is less common than depression.
There are various causes for mood disorders and research is constantly being conducted to help further understand how much of a particular part is influenced by hereditary factors, psychological factors, and social factors. There have been studies that show that people who suffer from mood disorders are those who have a variation on their 22 chromosome which increases a person’s susceptibility to bipolar disorder by way of causing a chemical imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain, thus it is called; The monoamine Theory of Depression. A biological predisposition may cause a person to be affected by stress hormones, which if provoked by early trauma in life can increase the chances of a mood disorder later in life. This theory is called the Diathesis-Stress Model of Depression.
Cognitive distortion is the latest focus of the contribution to the psyche and mood disorders. Cognitive distortion is an illogical response to early negative life events that leads to feelings of incompetence and unworthiness that are reactivated whenever a new situation arises that resembles the original events. These factors...

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