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Modernism Essay

1111 words - 5 pages

Walter Gropius

Born in Germany Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste. Walter Gropius served as a sergeant and then as a lieutenant in the signal corps in the First World War. He survived being both buried under rubble and dead bodies, and shot out of the sky with a dead pilot. Like his father and his great-uncle Martin Gropius ,Walter Gropius then became an architect.
Gropius's career further emerged in the post war period. He was appointed as master of the Bauhaus school in 1919. It was this academy which Gropius transformed into the world famous ‘Bauhaus’, attracting a faculty that included a lot of talented influential modernist artist. In ...view middle of the document...

-Months of civil war between a still-monarchist right and a socialist-inspired left in 1918-1919. These were the cheerful headlines that were happening during the Bauhaus era. Gropius took this as an opportunity to build a school that reflected his hopes for the education that would be had within it’s walls. In this time of change and disillusionment, the Bauhaus schools sought to embrace 20th century machine culture in a way that allowed basic necessities like buildings, furniture, and design, to be completed in a utilitarian but affective way. This building contained many features that later became hallmarks of modernist architecture.

The Bauhaus Design / Modernisation Influence

Modern artists like Walter experimented with new ways of seeing and with fresh ideas about the nature of materials and functions of art. Differing away from the norm, which was characteristic for the traditional arts. This complex was designed with various technological and design oriented advancements including glazing, the creation of architecture of transparency with the supporting structure rising behind the facing skin. The extensive facilities in the plans of the Bauhaus at Dessau include spaces for teaching, housing for students and faculty members, an auditorium and offices, which were brought together well.

It’s size “belied the enormous symbolic significance it was to gain as its national and international reputation grew as an experimental and commercial laboratory for design after 1927 as a hotbed of architecture and urban design.”
To include the students of the Bauhaus, the interior decoration of the entire building was done by some of the student and lectures. The different departments took part in the interior work. The departments included the wall painting workshop, the lighting fixtures by the metal workshop, and the lettering by the print shop. With the Bauhaus building, Gropius thoughtfully laid out his notion of the building as a ‘total work’ of compositional architecture.
The huge curtain window facade of the workshop building became an important part of the building’s design. Hoping to create transparency, the wall emphasized the ‘mechanical’ and open spatial nature of the new architecture. These vast windows enabled sunlight to pour in throughout the day, although creating a negative effect on warmer summer days. In order to preserve the curtain wall as one expanse, the load bearing columns were recessed back from the main walls.
This Design that Gropius created for the Bauhaus building, Which was done in an industrial aesthetic, with concrete and steel and a curtain...

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