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Modern Networking Essentials Essay

329 words - 2 pages

Key Terms

NCP – Network Control Protocol
ARPAnet – Advanced Research Projects Agency
well-known ports – ports reserved by ICANN
ICANN – Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and numbers
transport layer protocol – Define the type of connection established between hosts
TCP- Transport Layer Protocol
connection-oriented protocol – establishes a network connection, manages the delivery of data, and terminates the connection
SYN, SYN ACK, ACK – synchronizing packet, synchronizing acknowledgment packet, acknowledgment packet
UDP – User Datagram Protocol
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ulticasting address – the address used to send a multicast data packet
network interface layer – defines how the host connects to the network
hex – hexadecimal, base 16
Ipv4 – The older IP version currently being used on the internet
class A, B, C, D, and E – the five classes of IPv4
non internet routable IP address - IP address not routed on the internet
RIRs – Regional Internet registries, IANA-designated governing organizations responsible for IP address allocation by geographical location
ARIN – American Registry for Internet Numbers
subnet mask – Identifies the network/ subnet portion of an IP address
classful – the IP and subnet addresses within the same network
supernetting – allows multiple networks to be specified by one subnet
CIDR – Classless interdomain routing
prefix length notification – another shorthand technique for writing the subnet mask, no class boundaries are crossed
CIDR block – grouping of two or more class networks together
supernets – same as CIDR Blocks
Ipv6 – IP version 6
IPng – the next generation IP
full Ipv6 address – Full 32 hexadecimal positions contain a value other than 0
unicast address – Used packets sent to the entire group of networking devices
anycast address – Is obtained from a list of address
6to4 prefix – A technique that enables Ipv6 hosts to communicate over the IPv4 internet

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