Annette Renee Daggit
PSY: 330 Theories of Personality
Professor Karen Osterholm
May 20, 2013
I am interested in learning more about Neuroticism: “Neuroticism is a fundamental personality trait in the study of psychology characterized by anxiety, moodiness, worry, envy and jealousy. ...view middle of the document...
Personality factors were strong predictors of substance use frequency over the previous 30 days, as well as of substance use in daily life using ambulatory monitoring. A linear increase was also observed in the intensity of novelty seeking and antisocial personality traits as a function of the social deviance of substances used. However, mood disorder history was related only to the use of illicit drugs other than cannabis, and fluctuations in mood states did not prospectively predict daily use of substances in a manner consistent with self-medication. Moreover, there was little evidence that personality characteristics moderated relations between mood states and substance use in daily life. The relevance of results for mood and personality models of substance use etiology is discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved) (Journal abstract 2009)
A theory of this model would be a final set of analyses examined whether personality characteristics (harm avoidance, novelty seeking, and antisocial personality) moderated relations between mood states and substance use assessed in daily life. These analyses were performed in HLM, and involved adding each personality characteristic on the mood−substance use slopes. Models were estimated separately for alcohol and cannabis use, and each personality variable was entered in a separate model.
The results: prospective self-medication analyses consisted of 212 individuals who generated a total of 4,682 ambulatory monitoring assessments...