Mobile Phones As A Self Monitoring Tool

2287 words - 10 pages

MOBILE PHONES AS A
SELF-MONITORING TOOL

by

Brent Dewayne Clayton

A master’s project submitted to the faculty of
The University of Utah in partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of

Master of Health Promotion and Education

Faculty Advisor: Dr. Glenn Richardson
Department of Health Promotion and Education
College of Health
University of Utah
December 2011

University of Utah
Graduate School

This is to certify that I have examined this copy of a master’s thesis by

Brent Dewayne Clayton

and have found that it is complete and satisfactory in all respects,
and that any and all revisions required by the final
examining committee have been made.

Committee Members: ...view middle of the document...

Future studies may be performed to help offset the lost purpose of the message.

Table of Contents

I. Introduction…………………………………………………………………..1
i. Maintaining Weight Loss…………………………………………...1
ii. Mobile Health……………………………………………………….2
iii. Hypothesis………………………………………………………......2
II. Methods…………………………………………………………………….....3
iv. Participants………………………………………………………...3
v. Materials………………………………………………………..…3
vi. Design………………………………………………………….…4
vii. Procedure………………………………………………………....4
III. Results………………………………………………………………………...5
IV. Discussion & Conclusion……………………………………………………..6
V. References…………………………………………………………………….7

Introduction

Maintaining Weight Loss
Obesity prevalence in the United States is astoundingly high. Obesity rates among adults 18 years and older now exceeds 30% for both sex in the United States (Flegal, Carroll, Ogden, & Curtin, 2010). As the obesity rate increases, so does the income for the diet industry. It is estimated that diet companies earned $68.7 billion in 2010 (MarketData, 2010). John LaRosa, research director at MarketData Enterprises, Inc., a company that compiles statistics of the diet industry, states, “Americans are still patronizing scam artists and rip-off weight loss companies as much as they ever have, as they desperately search for the magic formula or plan that makes weight loss effortless (MarketData, 2010).” Despite the increase in participation in diet services, research shows that diets normally do not produce maintained weight loss (Mann, Tomiyama, Westling, Lew, Samuels, & Chatman, 2007). Mann, et.al (2007) even conclude in their research that, while dieting led to short term weight loss, it often led to more weight gains after the diet was finished.
If maintaining weight loss is the ultimate goal for someone looking to lose any excess weight, what works? Exercising consistently and eating the recommended servings of food is understood as the best method to losing weight. It has also been shown that self-monitoring has a positive effect on maintaining weight loss (Baker & Kirschenbaum, 1993; Elfhag & Rossner, 2005; Kruger, Michels-Blanck & Gillespie, 2006). Self-monitoring includes behaviors such as weighing oneself, tracking foods eaten, exercise completed, etc (Kruger, et al, 2006). One study found that 17.7% of people who successfully maintained their weight loss reported tracking their food content on most days of the week compared to the unsuccessful participants (8.8%) (Kruger, et al, 2006). If something as seemingly simple as tracking your food on a daily basis can help maintain weight loss for greater periods of time, why aren’t people using it in their weight loss journey? I posed this question in an interview with Julie Bolick, a registered dietitian who teaches a weight loss class for Intermountain Healthcare. Ms. Bolick stated that many of her class participants find it difficult to...

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