February 25, 2013
Miranda vs. Arizona
In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court ruled that detained criminal suspects, prior to police questioning, must be informed of their constitutional right to an attorney and against self-incrimination. Ernesto Miranda was the plaintiff and the state of Arizona was the defendant.
Ernesto Miranda was convicted of the March 1963 kidnapping and rape of an eighteen-year-old girl in Phoenix, Arizona. After the crime the police picked up Miranda because he fit the description of the girl’s attacker. The officers took him into an interrogation room and told him that he had been identified by the victim, although that was false. After the police questioned Miranda for two hours, he confessed. At the trial, the defense counsel tricked one of the detectives into admitting that Miranda was never ...view middle of the document...
Even though his original confession couldn’t be used, one of his old girlfriends told court that he told her about the rape and kidnapping. After Miranda was paroled in 1972, spent time in and out of prison before he was finally stabbed to death in a bar. Thanks to this case the United States now has Miranda rights: “You have the right to remain silent. Anything you say will be used against you in a court of law. You have the right to an attorney during interrogation; if you cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed to you.”, that all police must read to a person when they are arrested, to inform them of their rights.
This ruling was needed in America, because some people that are arrested are innocent. If this case wouldn’t have happened, prisons and jails would be overflowing, even more so than they are today. Police would have picked up anyone on the slightest hint of incrimination and it would have been a lot harder for people to beat it in court. This didn’t affect my life personality but it has affected the lives of many people throughout the country. Before the Miranda rights if someone got themselves into trouble with the law or someone got in trouble with the law and they really did nothing, they might not have a lawyer. With these rights everyone is now given the right to an attorney and a fair chance, they aren’t thrown in jail without a fight. This ruling was a very positive affect on society today. Some people do get let off a little too easy, but that happens. No court case is ever going to be fair, unless every person was completely honest. That won’t happen because nobody wants to tell on themselves. All in all this was a necessary court case and ruling. If it wasn’t a good idea it wouldn’t still be around.
Dautrich, Kenneth, and David Alistair. Yalof. American Government: Historical, Popular, and Global Perspectives. Boston, MA: Cengage Wadsworth, 2009. Print.