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Miranda V. Arizona The Defining Of The Miranda Rights

654 words - 3 pages

RUNNING HEAD: Miranda Rights

Miranda v. Arizona: The Defining of the Miranda Rights
Daniel Higgins
September 5th, 2009
Kaplan University
CJ101-08AU
Professor Myers

Miranda v. Arizona: The Defining of the Miranda Rights
June 13th, 1966 was a defining day in the history of United States freedom and rights. On this day, it was decided that Miranda’s case against Arizona would be judged in her favor. This was the day that the United States passed the Miranda Rights law into the constitution, which allows United States citizens a set of rights to protect themselves from self-incrimination. The three main parts to the Miranda Rights are a person’s right to remain silent, right to an attorney and right to a public attorney if they cannot afford one.
The Miranda Rights are very important to citizens of this country, because if a person does not want to answer a police officer’s questions without some sort of defense ...view middle of the document...

In a nutshell, the Miranda V. Arizona case consisted of consolidated cases (Westover V. United States, Vignera V. NewYork, California V. Stewart) and fought that people being questioned, detained or arrested by police officers should be informed of their constitutional rights to an attorney and the right to remain silent. The case also made an impact on the rights to avoid self-incrimination. Ernesto Miranda was arrested for a Robbery and then admitted to raping an 18-year old woman to the police (Foster, 2005). He was later convicted for all three crimes because the judge decided the evidence of admission was admissible. This of course was later overruled by a 5-4 vote in the Supreme Court, which the case was brought too when Miranda’s lawyer appealed the case.
While no one was interested in seeing a sexual offender get off on a serious crime that he committed, everyone was excited that more rights had been provided to Americans. During the 1960’s a movement for legal-aid to defendants formed. The case of Miranda V. Arizona is a great case that helped American’s to receive rights that they previously did not have. Many other large cases occurred during the 1960’s, which is the reason we have as many rights as we do today (Times, 1976).
Fortunately, Miranda and others had the galls to stand up for themselves and what they believed in. If Miranda V. Arizona never occurred, it would still be okay for police officers to question their suspects and convince them to admit guilt, before ever entering a court room. Fortunately, this is not the case for American’s, thanks to the Constitution of the United States of America. Remember if you are ever being questioned, detained or arrested by a police officer, you have the right to remain silent and the right to an attorney, even if you can’t afford one. These are now basic Constitutional rights that cannot be denied to you.

REFERENCES
Foster, R. E. (2005). Criminal Justice Technology, Custom Edition for Kaplan University. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Custom Publishing.
Times, N. (1976). Miranda Slain; Main Figure in Landmark Suspects' Rights Case. The New York Times , 2.

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