Mineral and Water Functions Essay
The body needs essential minerals to thrive and maintain life. These minerals are divided into two categories; major minerals (macrominerals) and trace minerals (microminerals). Both mineral groups are found in plant and animal sources. Both are needed in the body, but trace minerals are needed in smaller amounts than major minerals. Below is a chart with the major minerals, their functions and the sources they are found in. These major minerals include:
Mineral | Function | Source |
Sodium | Nerve transmission, fluid balance and muscle contraction. | Table salt, processed foods, soy sauce, vegetables. |
Chloride | ...view middle of the document...
| Organ meat, fish, poultry, iron cereals, egg yolks, legumes, leafy greens and dried fruits. |
Zinc | Needed for making protein and genetic material, a function in taste perception, wound healing, normal fetal development, production of sperm. | Meat, fish, poultry, whole grain and vegetables. |
Iodine | In the thyroid hormone, this helps regulate growth, development and metabolism. | Seafood, iodized bread, dairy products. |
Selenium | Antioxidant | Meats, seafood, grains. |
Copper | Part of many enzymes, needed for iron metabolism. | Legumes, nuts, seeds, whole grain, drinking water. |
Manganese | Part of many enzymes. | Widespread in foods, especially in plants. |
Fluoride | Needed for bones and teeth, helps prevent tooth decay. | Drinking water, fish and tea. |
Chromium | Works with insulin to regulate blood sugar levels. | Unrefined foods, especially liver, whole grains, nuts and cheese. |
Molybdenum | Part of some enzymes. | Legumes, bread, leafy greens, green vegetables, milk and liver. |
(Smolin, 2006)(Marshall, 2011)
Eating a well-balanced meal will ensure you are getting the right amount of minerals your body needs. But, if your diet is lacking your doctor may recommend a mineral supplement.
Just as your body needs minerals to help maintain a normal balance, water is also needed by the body. Our bodies are about 60% water. Without proper hydration the body will become dehydrated and can cause medical issues. Without water the body would die within a few days. The brain is 95% water, blood is 82% and lungs are 90%, showing just how important water is. Water serves as a lubricant in the body, through digestion and almost all bodily processes. Water...