Microeconomia Essay

1598 words - 7 pages

Universidad Autónoma de México

El Concepto de la Persona

1. Dificultad actual de la cuestión

Este texto nos explica principalmente como el hecho de la incursión de la filosofía han complicado mucho el concepto de persona. Estas teorías se fundan en el concepto de espíritu como un ente metafísico independiente, tomando en cuenta su parte universal y su parte individual.

Kant negó que el espíritu constituyera una realidad trascendente diciendo que este no era otra cosa que una expresión de la necesidad de lo absoluto, siendo el hombre debido a su conciencia de se ser y existir ...view middle of the document...

La idea del alma, de los alejandrinos y neoplatónicos, representa una clara conciencia de inseparabilidad oncológica entre la persona y el ser psíquico: entre las dos realidades definidas, el ser psíquico individual y el espíritu puro supra individual, se encuentra el alma que es la que logra que el primero pueda relacionarse con el segundo. Aunque no se concibe la persona como ente independiente o indiferente del ser, encontrando la definición de Tomás de Aquino: omne individuum rationalis naturae dicitur persona.

La impregnación ética que dio Kant al decir “la persona moral es el sujeto racional libre, bajo el imperio de las leyes éticas”. Con lo que se deduce que: Persona es el sujeto racional libre, capaz de darse cuenta de la identidad de su ser en la turbamulta de sus estados subjetivos, y situado voluntariamente bajo el imperio de Idea.

3.- El elemento sociológico y cultural del concepto de persona

El concepto kantiano se amplia con las corrientes neokantianas en donde hablan de la moralidad en la cultura y la idea de responsabilidad que es por un lado objetiva y subjetiva de la persona. Demuestran la falsedad ontológica y axiológica de la oposición individuo-sociedad. Toman en cuenta la dignidad de la comunidad de seres ideal y moralmente solidarios. La persona es inseparable de la Idea, siendo esta la que lo lleva a buscar la perfecta humanidad. La persona es el contenido de la unidad de aquellas acciones al servicio de los valores.

A la conciencia individual le es esencial la unicidad, la conciencia y la vivencia son intransferibles. Los contenidos de la conciencia se alimentan de lo social, la comunidad vive en y por los individuos. La ley última y fundamental como lo vio Platón es idéntica para hombre y sociedad. Por lo tanto esta claro que no existe ningún sentido separar metafísicamente psique de persona porque sino se contradice la relación entre conciencia y comunidad.

4.- El concepto de persona y el problema de la sustantividad de los valores

La persona es el sujeto vuelto hacia los valores pero no como un ente independiente sino como unidad de vivencias con un contenido valioso, como psique, con lo que se entiende el progreso social es un sobreponerse a la ley del psique y de la vida. Entendiendo al progreso social como la realización más completa de los valores humanos, debe proporcionar al psique cada vez

más altos y fecundos bienes culturales; con esto el individuo se vuelve persona sin dejar su íntima naturaleza. El mundo de los valores no es más que el mundo de aquellos objetivos regidos por la
ley de la idea. Scheler y Hartmann afirman que el espíritu es una realidad metafísica trascendente y debido a que la persona es una realidad individual espiritual sus valores no pueden ser menos. “La esencia del valor no es el ser si no el valer”.

La conciencia tiene dos maneras fundamentales de concebir los objetos: por...

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