MGT302 Module 1 Case
Money is motivating; however, money is not the only motivating factor for employment. In fact, some psychologists theorize that employee pay is not nearly as important as other factors. There are plenty of jobs or tasks that people wouldnâ€™t do for money, regardless of the amount. For example, my husband was recently offered a job in a city that is 10 hours away from where we currently live. The salary he was offered is almost double what he is getting paid now, but he declined the position because it would mean that we would have to be away from each other. Motivation for work is much more than just ...view middle of the document...
On the other hand, Herzbergâ€™s factors for dissatisfaction apply to Rennemoâ€™s decision to take a different job. His personal life would benefit by reducing his commute time and working closer to home. Herzberg was concerned with peopleâ€™s well-being at work- the humanity factor (Chapman). Rennemo may very well be satisfied with his work achievements and recognition, but his personal needs are just as important and his motivation for seeking a different employment opportunity.
Basic human needs were used by Abraham Maslow to develop the Hierarchy of Needs motivational model. This hierarchy states that each need must be satisfied in order and the higher order needs are unnecessary if the lower order needs are not met (Chapman). One could make the deduction that Pedersenâ€™s biological and physiological needs, safety needs, love needs, and esteem needs are all being met; therefore, she is taking a job with greater responsibility to meet the self-actualization need. Pedersen has a need for personal growth and fulfilment that is not being met by her position with Norsk Petroleum since her work is compartmental and specific and she desires a position of greater diversity.
Rennemoâ€™s needs are mostly being met; however because his family life is suffering due to his long commute and his family is expecting a new baby, he is unable to tend to his esteem needs and his self-actualization. Once Rennemo is working at a job closer to his home, he will be able to fulfill his belongingness and love needs which will afford him the opportunity to apply himself to meet his other needs. Based on Maslowâ€™s hierarchy of needs, Rennemo can be expected to pursue more responsibility and achieve more at his new position since he is now able to fulfill his lower order of needs.
McClellandâ€™s Motivational Needs Theory is more specific to a work environment. He identifies three types of motivational needs: the need for achievement, the need for authority and power and the need for affiliation (Chapman). Applying this theory to Pedersen, her need for authority and power is not being met at her position with Norsk Petroleum. She identifies her desire to manage two teams of personnel- an opportunity not available at her current position.
Rennemoâ€™s needs were clearly personal. He did not allude to any of his professional needs not being met. McClellandâ€™s Motivational Needs Theory is not applicable to Rennemo because his reasons for leaving Norsk Petroleum are not based on his work environment or needs.
One of the biggest differences among the three theories of motivation is their acknowledgement of needs outside the workplace. McClellandâ€™s theory applies specifically to employment needs and how those needs affect oneâ€™s satisfaction with their work. Maslowâ€™s and Herzbergâ€™s theory state that needs outside of work influence the...