Edward Thompson Jr.
MGT 330: Management for Organizations
Professor Chad Blando
October 6, 2013
In management, there are different functions an effective manager can utilize to assist them in meeting an organizations future goals and objectives. In order for Managers and employees to be successful, each of the individual concepts has to be addressed in detail. In the text, it states, “The management functions include planning, organizing, staffing, leading, and controlling human and other resources to achieve organizational goals. All organizations, regardless of their levels of performance or profit motives, have a management ...view middle of the document...
1.3). The military has many different missions that they must perform. One of the ways they divided their resources is through the air land and sea. The United States Navy is in charge of taking care of water-based threats. The United States Air force is tasked with airborne threats and the United States Army focuses on land warfare. While each branch has its primary focus, different departments within each branch work with the other branches such as army aviation and navy seals. As stated in the text “The basic military requirements defined above are normally expressed in terms of divisions by types, air wings by types, and naval combatant ships by types” (Lincoln, 1952 p.439).
The Staffing function has several components that a manager can uses to help the company. A focus on recruiting quality applicant, selecting the best qualified of those applicants and training them in the task they are to perform goes a long way in achieving the company’s goals. Additionally, periodically evaluating employee’s performance and either compensating or disciplining those helps to maintain focus on the company’s mission. In previous decades, the military was seen as a last resort for unemployables.
Military service was even seen as an alternative to punishment for criminals with the methods such as join the army or go to jail. As stated in the text “An important contribution of the draft to military man- power procurement was the production of "draft-motivated volunteers" who enlisted to avoid induction under less favorable circumstances (House Armed Services Committee 1970; Tarr 1981) (Angrist, 1991 p.585). (In recent times, the army has changed its focus to try to recruit quality enlistees. New prerequisites such as requiring a high school diploma and criminal background checks has improved the quality of its workers.
One of the more important management functions is the leading function. This entails managers motivating their employees to work together toward achieving the company’s goals. The army has a system in place called the Non-Commissioned Officer Corps. The NCO Corp are the managers that enforce the standards of the army and supervise the junior enlisted soldiers. As stated in the text “The Army currently defines leadership as “the process of influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation to accomplish the mission and improve organization” (Michelson, 2013 p.30). This is a similar approach to what managers in a company do to motivate their employees.
The fifth management function is the controlling function. The controlling function measures employees’ performance against the company standards. As stated in the text “The standard control process consists of four steps: (a) Establish and review standards set in the planning process; (b) measure performance at the strategic, tactical, and operational levels; (c) compare performance outcomes with the standards that were set; and (d) make a decision to...