Running head: MENTORING IN NURSING: A CONCEPT ANALYSIS
Mentoring In Nursing: A Concept Analysis
Leslie R. Dick
The University of North Carolina at Charlotte
Mentoring can be dated as far back as the Ancient Greeks. Young athletes were trained by their more experienced superiors. Homer is most famous for our initial understanding a mentor when he tells of Odysseus leaving his infant son with a companion, Mentor, when he left on his Odyssey (Gentry, Weber, & Sadri, 2008). Mentoring is a relationship between two people which lasts over an extended period of time. One of the people, the mentor, is more experienced and considered senior to the mentee and is ...view middle of the document...
A concept analysis of mentoring in nursing was done in 1990, and then another was done in 2013. For this analysis, definitions and uses of the concept of mentoring were used not only in the profession of nursing, but also in the fields of business, education, social sciences, vocational studies, and medicine. Databases including CINAHL, MEDLINE, Pub Med, Business Source Complete, and Sociological Abstracts were utilized to conduct a literature review for this concept analysis.
From the literature, we learn that mentoring is a concept shared across many disciplines, cultures, and professions (Gentry, Weber, & Sadri, 2008). The impact of a mentor on the future of an employee has been extensively studied because the long term effects can be so monumental. Organizations with positive mentoring programs “experience increased retention, an improved sense of community and professional identity and [employees] who are better positioned to navigate the…environment” (Clark, 2015). One author wrote that the “power and potential of positive mentoring are immeasurable and, in many cases, may be a career (and even life) changing” (Clark, 2015).
In education environments outside of nursing education, mentors are considered essential and are assigned immediately. Many educational mentors must have additional training in order to become a mentor. Mentoring is considered essential to the new teacher’s development and progression. The mentor and mentee relationship is vital and should be a top priority to the mentor. He must make sure the relationship “involves trust, open communication, goal-setting, respect and caring” (Mijares, BSN, RN, Baxley, PhD, RN, & Bond, PhD, RN, CNE, ANEF, FAAN, 2013).
In her editorial, The Power and Potential of Positive Mentoring, Cynthia Clark states that “mentoring relationships are not confined by time and place, can occur at any point in one’s career, and are characterized by collegiality and collaboration” (Clark, 2015). Other qualities that make mentoring relationships unique include according to the literature reviewed include a properly matched mentor / mentee, clear mentee goals, and utilizing organizational resources (Gentry, Weber, & Sadri, 2008).
Critical Attributes of the Concept
Based on the literature review, there are some critical attributes mentors need to possess in order to be effective. These attributes include, but are not limited to:
* Willingness to share knowledge and expertise
* Pursue and encourage professional development
* Personal interest in the mentoring relationship
* Positive role model
* Positive attitude
* Provide guidance and give constructive feedback
* Patient, experienced, and honest
Definition of the Concept
A mentor is defined by the Oxford English dictionary as “an experienced and trusted adviser“ (Press, 2016). Mentoring does not have a single definition. Several different professions, including social work, education, and...