Metaparadigm in Nursing
Demonstrate the ability to incorporate the dimensions of a person, nursing and enviorment to promote the health in a various nursing situations.
The different metaparadigm in nursing:
Nursing Paradigms are patterns or models used to show a clear relationship among the existing theoretical works in nursing. At present, many nursing theories are focused on relationships among four major concepts (metaparadigms: Greek “meta“-with and “paradeigma“-pattern):
The 4 metaparadigm in nursing according to Florence Nightigale 1.Nursing
Florence Nightingale had always considered that nursing is very essential for everybody’s well being. One of her masterwork, Notes on Nursing, provided essential principles for rendering and implementing an efficient and effective nursing care. Moreover, she instilled an ideal attitude of thinking and acting like a real nurse.
Nightingale viewed the essence of a person as a patient. ...view middle of the document...
” In addition, she defined diseases as “a reparative process that nature instituted from a want of attention.” She believed that prevention of diseases through environmental control will greatly uplift the maintenance of health. Furthermore, she illustrated modern public health nursing and the more modern concept of health promotion. She compared these concepts of nursing as different from caring a sick patient to living better and increasing recovery.
Nightingale’s statement about conditions in the community are also applicable to her theory. She believed that the sick, poor people would benefit from environmental improvements that addressed their physical and mental aspects. She stressed that nurses could have a special role in uplifting the social status of the poor by improving their living situations. Moreover, her concept of environment was described by Flitzpatrick and Whall as “those elements external to and which affect the health of the sick and healthy person” and includes “everything from the patient’s food and flowers to the patient’s verbal and non-verbal interactions with the patient.”
Florence Nightingale is attributed with establishing the modern practice of nursing. She also contributed to the field with nursing theories still used today. One of her nursing theories is the Environmental Theory, which incorporates the patients' surrounding environment in his or her nursing care plan.
In this theory, the role of the nurse is to use the patient's environment to help him or her recover and get back to the usual environment. The reason the patient's environment is important is because it can affect his or her health in a positive or negative way. Some environmental factors affecting health according to Nightingale's theory are fresh air, pure water, sufficient food and appropriate nutrition, efficient drainage, cleanliness, and light or direct sunlight. If any of these factors is lacking, it can delay the patient's recovery. Nightingale also emphasized providing a quiet, warm environment for patients to recover in. The theory also calls for nurses to assess a patient's dietary needs, document food intake times, and evaluate how the patient's diet affects his or her health and recovery