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Mental Illness Essay

2310 words - 10 pages


1. Introduction
Mental illness is considered to be a wide range of conditions on mental health and also known to be a disorder affecting an individual’s behavior, thinking and mood. Some example includes addictive behaviors, eating disorders, schizophrenia, anxiety disorder and depression. From time to time, most individuals are known to have numerous mental health concerns. Mental health concern are actually not mental illnesses but if they persist and the symptoms and sings result to recurring stress that affect an individual’s ability to function, then they can be considered to be mental illness. Mental illness is quite a big problem to an individual ...view middle of the document...

When a team is required in treating mental illness, it comprises of different individuals like primary care doctor, psychotherapist (a licensed counselor or psychologist), psychiatrist, pharmacist, family members and special workers.
I. Medication
Mental illness is not cured by psychiatric medications but it only improves the symptoms quite significantly. Psychiatric medication helps other treatment like psychotherapy to be more effective. For an individual suffering from a mental illness condition, their best medication depends on their specific situation and the manner that their body is responding to medication. Some commonly used psychiatric medications prescription classes include:
* Antipsychotic medications. Also known as narcoleptics, antipsychotic medication are essentially used in treating psychotic disorders like schizophrenia. This medication can also be used in the treatment of bipolar disorders or treating depression if it is added to antidepressants.
* Anti=anxiety medications. This medication is used in the treatment of anxiety disorders like panic disorder and generalized anxiety disorder. Insomnia and agitation can also be reduced by this medication. An advantage of this medication is the fact that they are fast acting and hence help relieve symptoms within little time of about 30 to 60 minutes. However, this drugs have are known to have the potential of causing dependency.
* Mood stabilizing medication. This medication is commonly used in the treatment of bipolar disorder that is characterized depression and alternating mania episodes. They can be added at times to antidepressant in order to treat depression.
* Antidepressant medication. This medication is used in the treatment of various depression types and other mental illness conditions. Symptoms like lacking interest in different activities, concentration difficulties, and lack of energy, hopelessness, and sadness can be improved by antidepressants. From the manner that antidepressant affect the brain chemistry, they are grouped differently. The best antidepressant that can be prescribed to any individual depends on their particular situations and their body response to the medication.
II. psychotherapy
Psychotherapy is also referred as psychological counseling or talk therapy. It is a mental illness treating process that involves talking about the condition and other related issue between a patient and a professional mental health provider. An individual with a mental illness condition get to learn about their condition and their behavior, thoughts and moods. From the knowledge that they gain from their psychologists, they have knowledge and insights that they use in coping and managing their own stress. Psychotherapy exist within numerous different type with each type having its own approach in dealing with and improving the mental well=being of a patient. Psychotherapy can be successful within short term: like in months or even long term...

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