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Mental Illness Essay

1636 words - 7 pages

Wanda Strickland


April 18, 2010

Natasha Billups

Mental Illness


For over a century, neuroscience and psychiatry have been trying to comprehend this diseases of the brain, amongst them the mental disorder named schizophrenia. It has been tough to explain this erratic disease, and even more problematic to medically treat and control it. What is known about schizophrenia is that it is not a “split personality” condition as is commonly and mistakenly believed. People living ...view middle of the document...

” Truth is told that is a totally different mental illness. Dysfunctional families can cause schizophrenia, there has been no causal relationship found between families and schizophrenia. However, the more conflicts and instability at home, the more stress one experiences and the more likely one is to relapse. There is no hope of recovering. Truth is being diagnosed with schizophrenia does not mean that one will necessarily have a lifelong illness. Some people are able to improve and recover over time.

Electroconvulsive Therapy, more commonly known as "ECT," is a medical treatment performed only by a psychiatrist. According to the American Psychiatric Association (APA), the American Medical Association (AMA), the National Institute of Mental Health, and the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), all recognized the therapeutic benefits in treating depression and other mental illness.
ECT has been a treatment for more than 70 years. Yet it still holds a lot of controversies with it. As a treatment plan the therapy would consist of somewhere around six to twelve sessions spread over time. Receive general anesthesia and a muscle relaxant. When the patient is sedated, the brain is stimulated with electrodes which are placed in specific locations and a controlled series of electrical current is delivered. The electrical current causes a seizure which lasts about minute. Because of the anesthesia and muscle relaxant, you will have no pain and the convulsion is not visible. After a period of 5-10 minutes, you will be woken up from anesthesia.
But in the beginning was a lot different when administering ECT it was done without the aid of any drugs and this was a painful procedure “(like being hit on the head with a baseball bat, over and over again). The body was rocked with uncontrolled seizures with no way of controlling them. Fractures of the bones and facial trauma were a common scenario—any wonder doctors had a bad rap. These horror images are still carried out in movies.” Electroconvulsive therapy is different today, although it still does pose a risk of side effects and complications, such as memory loss and confusion. Yet the procedure has become refined, with specifically calculated. The electrical currents administered in an organized medical setting to attain the best benefits with the smallest risks. This form of therapy is still used today. They now believe that its benefits are questionable for the treatment of Schizophrenia and a couple other disorders.
Schizophrenia is also known as an equal opportunity illness, it has no regard to race, sex, or social class, it will disrupt anyone life that it comes in contact with. What are the symptoms of Schizophrenia? A person suffering from Schizophrenia symptoms can range from:
* Delusions (believing things that are not true)
* Hallucinations (seeing or hearing things that are not there)
* Disorganized thinking
* Agitation
* Disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment...

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