Medications Essay

666 words - 3 pages


1. Protonix (pantoprazole) – antiulcer agent (proton-pump inhibitors)

a. Indications – Erosive esophagitis associated with GERD. Decrease relapse rates of daytime and nighttime heartburn symptoms on patients with GERD. Pathologic gastric hypersecretory conditions.

b. Action – Binds to an enzyme in the presence of acidic gastric pH, preventing the final transport of hydrogen ions into the gastric lumen. Diminished accumulation of acid in the gastric lumen, with lessened acid reflux. Healing of duodenal ulcers and esophagitis. Decreased acid secretion in hypersecretory conditions. Pg. 990

2. SynTHROID (levothyroxine) – hormones (thyroid preparations)
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Action – Active components of senna (senosides) alter water and electrolyte transport in the large intestine, resulting in accumulation of water and increased peristalsis. Laxative action. Pg. 1145

5. Vancocin IV (vancomycin) – anti-infective

a. Indications – IV treatment of potentially life-threatening infections when less toxic anti-infectives are contraindicated. Particularly useful in staphylococcal infections including Endocarditis, Meningitis, Osteomyelitis, Pneumonia, Septicemia, Soft tissue infections in patients who have allergies to penicillin or its derivatives or when sensitivity testing demonstrates resistance to methicillin. PO treatment of staphylococcal enterocolities or pseudomembranous colitis due to Clostridium difficile. IV part of endocardities prophlaxis in high risk patients who are allergic to penicillin.

b. Action – Binds to bacterial cell wall, resulting in cell death. Bactericidal action against susceptible organisms. Active against gram-positive pathogens, including Staphlococci, Group A beta-hemolytic streptococci. Pg. 1265-1266

6. Gentamicin – anti-infectives (aminoglycosides)

a. Indications – Treatment of serious gram-negative bacillary infections and infections caused by staphylococci when penicillins or other less toxic drugs are contraindicated. In combination with other agents in management of serious enterococcal infections. IV prevention of infective endocarditis.

b. Actions – Inhibits protein synthesis in...

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