This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Media Representation Of Crime Essay

2051 words - 9 pages

Media Representation of crime
William and Dickinson (1971) found British newspapers devote 30% of their space to crime
Media gives a distorted image of crime, criminals and policing compared to official statistics. The media:
Over representation of violent and sexual crime
Ditton and Duffy (1983) found 46% of media reports were about sexual or violent crime, compared to the actual 3% of crime records for this kind of crime. Marsh found violent crimes were 36 times more likely to be recorded in newspapers than property crime- America
Media portray criminals and victims as older and more middle class
Felson (1998) calls this the ‘age fallacy’
Media exaggerate police success
Partly due ...view middle of the document...

This is not the case, as the victim usually knows rapists.

News values and crime coverage
News is a social construction; it is chosen over other stories. Jock Young and Stan Cohen (1973) note that news is usually manufactured.
‘News worthy’ is an aspect of manufacturing news. Journalists decide if a news story is worthy of coverage through criteria. If it meets the criteria, it has a good chance of being covered.
* Immediacy
* Dramatisation- action and excitement
* Personlisation- human interest story
* People of higher status
* Risk
* Violence
* Simplification
* Unexpected/ novelty
One reason why media focus on crime coverage is because news focuses on the unusual and extraordinary and this makes deviance newsworthy by definition.

Fictional representation of crime
Fictional representations of crime, criminals and victims follow what Surette calls ‘the laws of opposite’; they are opposite to statistics and strikingly similar to news coverage:
* Property crime is under represented, but violence, drugs and sex crimes are over represented
* Most homicides are from brawls and domestic disputes, fictional ones are product of greed and calculation
* Fictional sex crimes are committed by psychopaths
* Fictional cops get their man
However, 3 new trends are appearing:
* New ‘reality’ informant shows tend to feature young, non white, underclass offenders
* Tendency to show police as brutal and corrupt
* Victims play more central role and audience are meant to identify with them

The media as a cause of crime
For a long time media has been blamed for influencing values, attitudes and behaviour found people who watch TV…negatively.
There numerous ways in which media might cause crime and deviance:
* Imitation- providing deviant role model: ‘copycat’
* Arousal
* Desensitization- repeated viewing of violence
* Transmitting knowledge of criminal technique
* Stimulating desires for unaffordable goods
* Glamorizing crime
* Making police seem incompetent
Thousands of studies have been conducted on possible affects of media but most studies have found that exposure to media violence has limited affect.
Sonia Livingstone (1996) notes despite such conclusions, people continue to be preoccupied on effects of media on children because society regard childhood as an innocent time.

Fear of crime
Due to media’s exaggeration of crime, public have an unrealistic fear of crime.
There is research that supports the view that there is a link between media and fear of crime. In the USA, Gerbner et al found people who watch TV for over 4 hours a day had a higher level of fear towards crime. Similarly, Schlesinger and Tumber (1992) a correlation between consumption and fear of crime: tabloid readers expressed greater fear of being a victim.
However, the correlations don’t prove media have influence over but maybe people who get scared easily may stay at home more and...

Other Papers Like Media Representation of Crime

Crime Scene Essay

630 words - 3 pages States has grown to be polarized on the basis of race. In a bid to enhance accountability in the face of such serious accusations, the American media has been active in covering crime scenes mostly involving the police and civilians. From an analytical point of view, media coverage of crime scene, as unethical as it may seem, has been able to enhance professionalism that crime scene operations are conducted with. Through the rigorous news

“Despite all the problems associated with their use, crime statistics created by governments remain one of the most useful sources of data about criminal and deviant behaviour” Evaluate this claim

1558 words - 7 pages significantly invalid. Additionally, the victims categorise the offences against them their selves and so they may give an inaccurate reflection on the real crime. For example, a mugging in a street may be reported as a theft - A theft could mean a burglary etc. The role of the media can also influence people’s sensitivity of crimes and therefore individual’s accounts. One may believe the British Crime Survey does uncover some crimes that won’t get

Violent Crime in Australia

1283 words - 6 pages Bureau of Statistics. (2015). Recorded crime – offenders, 2013-2014. Retrieved from Australian Institute of Crime. (2015). Crime types: Violence. Retrieved from Brookman, F. (2005). Understanding homicide. London, England: SAGE Publications. Carrrabine, E. (2008). Crime, Culture and the media. Cambridge, England

Crime Statistics Are Unrealiable for Criminologists

1666 words - 7 pages survey to confront the dark figure of crime as they see the potential bias of police records and unrecorded crimes. The media also has a huge influence on crime statistics as when crime is recorded within the media there is usually a focus on one particular type of crime. This therefore has a ripple effect on policing which leads to more of a particular type of crime being found and recorded. For example the media may target young people which lead

How Far Do Recorded Crime Rates Show How Much Crime Occurs in Society?

1042 words - 5 pages crime rates to show what really happens in society. The way we interpret the recorded crime figures is also important. Above all for evaluating the figures we use the media. And even when the statistics are showing crime falling, people are acting as if it is rising. In fact the reason for that is the constant involvement of the media which sometimes strongly exaggerate the full picture. As a result the way we see the figures is changed

Rendezvous Disciplines

2831 words - 12 pages importance that this discipline provides, in a range of contexts Media is the focus later in the essay. Criminology can be studied on its own as a subject, and also applied and used in determining why certain acts of criminality occur in society, referring often to patterns in crime using Criminological Statistical Analysis. In the opinion of Maguire et al (2012) ‘the study of the various social practices associated with criminal justice is

The Media Perpetrating Negative Stereotypes Of Youths

1356 words - 6 pages For as long as anyone can remember the battle between youths and older generations has been fuelled by the media…“playgrounds have been turned into battlegrounds” and words are now a lethal weapon. It is a binary opposition which has been taken to extraordinary levels and waged a war between adolescents and adults. The media has taken the stereotype of youths, the way the public view youths and the way in which youths view themselves, and

Business Managerment Lols

2940 words - 12 pages the time they get victim of knife crime themselves because most people take the knife off you and use it against you. b) Describe how the issue links to at least one of the following Citizenship themes from Unit 1 Rights and responsibilities Power, politics and the Media The global community ------------------------------------------------- The theme of Rights is connected to our issue because everyone has the right to be safe on

Trayvon Martin

1293 words - 6 pages . What subliminal messages are sent by showing a smiling 15 year old boy who was killed by a menacing man who was once in jail? Is this a truthful representation of the both of these individuals? According to "New Media Ethics" (2012), Trayvon Martin was a 17-year-old African American who was shot on February 28th 2012, by self-appointed Neighborhood Watch Captain, George Zimmerman, a white Hispanic. Zimmerman believed Martin was acting suspicious

Measuring Crime

945 words - 4 pages executives, students of criminal justice, researchers, members of the media, and the public at large seeking information on crime in the nation. The program was conceived in 1929 by the International Association of Chiefs of Police to meet the need for reliable uniform crime statistics for the nation. In 1930, the FBI was tasked with collecting, publishing, and archiving those statistics.” The National Crime Victimization Survey is used by the Bureau of

Cja 464 Wk 1

1195 words - 5 pages specialize in crimes capable of making millions. Movies and the media have directed people’s perceptions of organize crime. Law makers have cracked down on political members involved in criminal organizations. Laws have been created to impact organized crime, such as RICO; however, there are some negatives to RICO. According to Mallory, S. L. “One of the most problematic aspects of the RICO statute is that it fails to provide operational definitions

Related Essays

“The Media Are More Of A Hindrance Than A Help To The Police In Combating Crime”. Discuss

2505 words - 11 pages “The media are more of a hindrance than a help to the police in combating crime”. Discuss. The relationship between the police and the mass media have long been the subject of intense debate. The mass media and the police have different roles in the public eye causing the media to be of concern to the police. Historically and in the contemporary era the police have had to meet high expectations of being the public’s crime-fighter. It is the

We Have A Strange Situation In Australia. At A Time When People Seem To Be More Worried By Crime, The Research Evidence Suggests Crime Rates Are Not Increasing. How Can We Explain This Apparent...

2557 words - 11 pages in the over-representation of violence from newspapers to TV news. Although it may not be deliberate, the media has a tendency to give a distorted picture of the character and prevalence of crime (Weatherburn and Indermaur, 2004). The media has also been found to over exaggerate stories that involve women being victimized, which then leads to higher rates of fear, consequently altering their perception on crime rates (Gordon & Riger, 1989

Book Summary Of Christopher Mccormick's Constructing Danger

1496 words - 6 pages contextual framing of the news media’s representation of crime—readers can engage critically with the political perspectives and ideological messages that underlie. McCormick (2010) encourages individuals to question the ‘objective’ and ‘commonsensical’ assumptions that are associated with the news media, so that we can think critical about the ways in which “interpretations are couched” (228), how the news “mediates a point of view about the

Criminology Level 3 Essay

1620 words - 7 pages and age. An example of this is that a young teenage black man from a dysfunctional family is more likely to commit a crime than a white middle class teenager, these statistics don’t always show a true representation of who is committing crime and why. What are the main features in the media construction of crime? In brief the media like to focus on certain constructions to get their point across, the media likes to play the middle of the road