PETITPREZ Thibaut Professor E.VOUTIRA
University of Macedonia
Forced Migration in East and S.E. Europe
MEDECINS SANS FRONTIERES/MEDECINS DU MONDE :
Operating, aim and differences
1 - Médecins Sans frontières
2 - The "Break-up"/Creation of Médecins du Monde
3 - Differences
4 - Bibliography
Médecins Sans frontières
Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors without borders), is a French non-governmental organization. Reminder of the definition of a NGO : A nongovernmental organization is an organization created by natural or legal persons that operates independently from any form of government and of ...view middle of the document...
Most of them died. Thousands. The young doctors we are were screaming with anger.”
After this rough period, Kouchner and his friends around 20 of them, decided to create a special group about war medicine. But besides a little mission in Jordan, the Biafra group misses founds. A journalist who was following them really close, founded the named “Medecins sans frontières” which was immediately adopted. MSF got really popular really fast using advertisement to sensitize people with humanitarian. Their main believes were that all people have the right to medical care regardless of race, religion or political affiliation even outside the national borders.
In 2011, there are around 30,000 MSF staff (Doctors, nurses, surgeons, psychiatrists, psychologists...) from all over the world which can provide assistance to people in crisis in about 60 countries.
There are 19 national offices coordinated by 5 operational centers (Amsterdam, Barcelona, Athens, Brussels, Paris) coordinates by the International Council in Geneva Switzerland. Only the operational centers are in charge of the humanitarian project in the field. It's worth noticing that in 1999 MSF received the Nobel Peace Prize. In 2011, MSF had a 886 millions of Euros budget and 89% of it was provided by private income !
As this map traduces, 66% of this budget is directly concentrated in Africa which represent 407 millions of Euros. Asia and the middle East represent 18% (108 millions €). 85% of this budget is focusing in humanitarian actions, 6% in research and development, 6% for its operating and 3% concentrate in Investment.
Example of missions of MSF in 2011 :
> In the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), where violence and insecurity persisted.
> In Somalia, drought was aggravated by decades of conflict, and MSF assisted Somalis across the country as well as refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya.
> In the Ivory Coast, teams brought aid to people as post-election violence turned into full-scale war.
> During the Arab Spring, MSF strove to gain access to people in need of medical attention, and cared for people who had fled violence.
> In Haiti, where the cholera epidemic continued.
> More recently in New York with Sandy Hurricane.
The “break-up”/Creation of Medecins du monde
As MSF, the creation of Medecin du monde took place in a really tense situation. In 1975 Following the Vietnam War , the country is broke, cities have been totally destroyed, roads are damaged, this war left behind millions of victims, wisdoms and orphans. In 1976, the communist party of Vietnam started to privatize all the companies, to reschedule all the country. But it was a failure and the economic crisis didn't get any better. At the same time Vietnamese citizens couldn't stand the communist way of life, but were forced to follow.
The “rich” Vietnamese citizens had already escape by plane the country before the arrival of communist. The other ones tried to escape...