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Mdg In Paki Essay

2292 words - 10 pages

MDG in Pakistan and how it affects the economy
According to the introduction to Global Politics by Steven L. Lamy the adoption of the Millennium Developmental Goals framework has also helped country field staff achieve a more coherent approach to development. In my paper I am going to talk about the MDG’S in Pakistan and how the country is affected politically, economically and other ways as well.
Pakistan not only represents freedom and independence but also is known to be the land of the pure. The region has landscapes that vary from plains, and deserts, to forests, and hills.
Pakistan is divided into three major geographic areas: the northern highlands, the Indus River, ...view middle of the document...

When it comes to the numbers, “Principal crops with 1999 output were wheat, 17,790; sugarcane, 53,104; and rice, 6,900. Production of sunflower seed amounted to 120 tons in 1999.”(10) The greatest impact on agriculture came from the Indus basin irrigation schemes, one of the largest irrigated networks in the world. The availability of water has increased the use of fertilizers occurring in cotton production. One of the biggest imports through out the Indus River today would be oil. “Pakistan has extensive energy resources, including fairly sizable natural gas reserves, some proven oil reserves, coal and a large hydropower potential.”(11) A shortage of capital and domestic political constraints is the reason why energy resources were slow. The need to import oil has contributed to Pakistan's trade deficits and past shortages of foreign exchange. Other major import commodities of Pakistan are petroleum, machinery, plastic, edible oils, tea, iron, and lastly steel, Pakistan import partners are china, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the US. China gains the most money, making 14.3 billion dollars a year and the US with the least 4.8 billion. Different countries trade with Pakistan in what benefits them the most, the main contributions of the trade being made is the economic development it brings to Pakistan. (12)
As for the climate of Pakistan it varies from tropical to temperate. “Pakistan has four seasons: a cool, dry winter marked by mild temperatures from December through
February; a hot, dry spring from March through May; the summer rainy season, from June through September.”(8) These seasons differ according to location. The climate in the capital varies from an average low of “2 °C in January to an average daily high of 40 °C in June.”(8) Rainfall occurs in July and August, for half of the year; they receive about 10 inches to over 150 inches a year, in different parts of the nation. Areas in Punjab experience easygoing winters, dealing with rainfall, “By mid-February the temperatures rise and during springtime the weather continues until mid-April.”(8)
The geography and climate affect Pakistan because most of the modern technological advanced people are in center or south Pakistan for the warmth but the heat effects them like crazy. Also Pakistan has electrical problem and mad people get sick from the electricity going out and they don't have ac. The north where there's snow and ice on the mountaintops isn't really populated being that it's cold and it's hard to make successful and prospering societies in a cold region with no agriculture or way of living. How climate affects the MDG’s in Pakistan, by changing poverty reduction. Developing countries will bear three-quarters of the negative impact of changing weather patterns, water shortages, and rising sea levels, and they are the least equipped to deal with them. Which increases the poverty level.
The Millennium Development goals are the centerpiece of development efforts of the...

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