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Material Deprivation Essay

1348 words - 6 pages

1) Explain what is meant by ‘material deprivation.’

Material deprivation refers to the inability for households or individuals to afford these consumption goods and activities that are typical in a society as a given time regardless of people’s preferences with respect to these items.

2) Identify three government policies that may have reduced social class differences in educational achievement.
* EMA – Educational Maintenance Allowance: The scheme was created to offer an allowance to those on college to encourage them to continue with the education system. An additional benefit of this was to potentially enable those on low incomes to afford to continue with an education in ...view middle of the document...

Material depravation is a lack of the physical properties that would give a child an extra boost during their education, for example not being able to afford stationary, or revision material which a middle class students parents could afford, due to poverty. This causes working class pupils to underachieve in education compared to middle class pupils because if working class children are materially deprived, they won’t have the advantage provided by materials that a middle class child might have, such as revision guides, or basic equipment such as a pen, pencil and a ruler. Meaning that whilst a middle class child has this equipment to use at their leisure, a working class child will always have to spend time requesting these valuable items, and often can engage in tasks such as homework outside of school. Other issues caused by material deprivation are things such as not having space to study or poor living conditions which will affect the advantage a child has on their education, because a lack of peaceful places to study will in turn affect the quality at which a child can study, because they will more than likely become distracted. Whilst having nowhere to study affects the time a child has to learn at home, poor living conditions will have more of an impact on learning at school as well as at home, because a child could contract an illness as a direct result of these living conditions, resulting in them having to constantly take time off school, putting them far behind their other class mates. JWB Douglas is a sociologist who agrees with material deprivation being the most significant impact on a working class Childs education he argues that young poorer people from working class backgrounds are more likely to obtain part time jobs such as a paper round, which will support their family financially, which will eat in to the total amount of time which they will have to study at home.

However, it is possible that cultural deprivation is a more important home factor than material deprivation. Cultural deprivation is a theory that claims some young people fail in education due to their “culture” (or way of life), for instance if the family places in a high value on the placement of education then it is more likely that their children will achieve higher in education than that of one who’s family feels that education is a waste of time. For example parents reading to their children at night or trying to teach their children numbers and letters when they are young, and displaying children’s work at home would all be considered a factor of cultural deprivation. This caused working class pupils to underachieve compared to middle class pupils because if parents do not display their Childs work around the home or take them to interesting educational places such as museums they may not be able to see the importance of education and so are more than likely not to for fill their potential. The impact this can have leads to capable and intelligent...

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