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Marxist View Of Society Essay

778 words - 4 pages

Critically examine Marxist perspective on today’s society (33 marks)

The Marxist perspective is based on the works of Karl Marx and argues that society is divided into two classes; the upper class, referred to as the bourgeoisie, and the working class, referred to as the proletariat. According to Marxism, the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat by making them work long hours with little rewards, whilst they receive all the benefits – this is what Marx referred to as capitalism. In this capitalist system, the working class experience a false class consciousness; this is where they are not aware of the fact that they are being exploited by the ruling class. Marx claimed that the only way ...view middle of the document...

Also, Marx’s idea of communism being better than capitalism has been questioned by many sociologists, especially within today’s society; some societies which are communist, such as China, are seen to be ‘oppressing’ to its members. This due to the fact that the members of communist societies do not have a say in their government’s actions and are monitored on a daily basis when they use certain forms of media, such as the internet. Therefore Marx’s idea that communism would result in a better society cannot be applied to today’s society.

However, some sociologist argue that Marxism can be applied to today’s society as it claims that the capitalist system is maintained by a superstructure, all the institutions and a base, this is the production of relations and means. The base consists of a relations of production (this is the unequal relationship between the bourgeoisie and the proletariat) and the means of production (these are the material resources needed to produce things which are owned by the bourgeoisie). The base and superstructure maintain each other. This idea of the base and superstructure can still be applied to today’s society as the base which shapes the superstructure has changed from manual work to service work and therefore can still be...

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