This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Marxist Perspective On Education Essay

628 words - 3 pages

Marxist Perspective on Education
The Marxists have a conflicting view of the education system, believing that it reproduces inequality and sorts individuals into existing positions in the stratification system which maintains expliotation and privilege in a capitalist society. They believe education sorts students by social class, ensuring proletariat have jobs with low pay and that children of the rich maintain a high status and prestige.
Louis Althusser was a Marxist who researched the role of education in a capitalist society and went on to conclude that the education system was an ideological state apparatus. His theory said that education had replaced the role of the church, which origionally was the main agency for ideological control. This may be due to secularisation and the increasing urge from the nation for more and a better education for children. Althusser said that the ruling class can not control ...view middle of the document...

In 1969 he wrote the book ‘For Marx’ on the otherhand, writing about the education system, showing that he had keen interest and had put more research into his theory and suggests much knowledge around the subject.

Another theory of the role of education in a capitalist society was by Bowles and Ginitis, where they rearched into the hidden curriculum in schools. They argued that there is a close correspondence between the way students are treated in school and in the workplace to prepare them for future explotation, this is achieved by the hidden curriculum where they are taught to behave politely and suppress implulses so that they can become great workers. The teachers maintaining power over the children teaches them to submit to authority and to become a docile workforce in the future who will never challenge capitalism. The fragmantation of the school day also corresponds to the work day to help set an organised, routined life. By keeping the workers busy and unaware of the overall running of the business, they can not complain and use the knowledge to set up another business as competition, as Karl Marx said, ‘Give a man a fish and he’ll eat for a day. Teach him how to fish and you ruin a great business oppurtunity.’ This suggests that we should not educate all students to the finest as there needs to be a clear ruling class that can over power the proletariat and expolit them un be known.
This research was conducted in a study based on 237 members of a senior year in a New York high school. This is makes the study biased as its only in one year of one school and may not account for every other school, also the education system in America may be a different case for schools in England and all around the world. It also showed that truency rates and behavioural issues were not supporting that children were docile and unquestioning.

These theories both help support that education sorts individuals into existing positions in jobs which maintains expliotation and privilege in a capitalist society by socialising the proletariat to accept their future exploitation, by legitimising inequlaity and rewarding obedience and conformity to help transmit the ideological state apparatus.

Other Papers Like Marxist Perspective on Education

Assess the Marxist View of the Role of

577 words - 3 pages AS Sociology Sample 20 mark question Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs

Assess the View That Marxism Is Not Relevant Today

1075 words - 5 pages believed it was a capitalist device for dividing the working class further, giving them an alternative scapegoat to the ruling class. We now know today that differences between boys, girls, ethnic minorities and class are all contributing factors in the educational attainment gap and Marxist ideas on education are still valid because the working class still underachieve. Nonetheless, there is increased social mobility, with almost half the young

Assess Marxist View of Society

531 words - 3 pages – social institutions like the family, the education system, the mass media, the and religion, which justified the power of the dominant social class. Gramsci (1971) further developed the Marxist view of ideology with his development of the concept of hegemony. Hegemony refers to process whereby the ruling class, through the dominant ideology, maintains its power by persuading other social classes, and particularly the working class, to adopt ruling

Applicability of Marxism to the Study of Social Problems

2005 words - 9 pages assesses the Marxist explanation and its applicability to the study of social problems and on the whole what solutions it suggests to address them. The conflict perspective is a structuralist theory which examines social institutions and how power and economic material are distributed in society. The Marxist perspective posits that society is divided into two major classes of those who own the means of production and those who are the subordinates

Using the Information from Items a, B and C and Elsewhere, Assess the View That the Nuclear Family Functions to Benefit All Its Members and Society as a Whole

1276 words - 6 pages , in return for economic security from their husband. Althusser was a French Marxist. He argued that in order for capitalism to survive, the working class must submit to the bourgeoisie. He suggested that the family is one of the main means, along with other such as the education system and the mass media, of passing on the ideology of the ruling class. Through socialisation into the ideology in the family, the ruling class tries to maintain

Social Theory

698 words - 3 pages . Functionalism theory or Macro-sociology Perspective is based on maintaining a stable social system when all the parts contribute to it in doing their job. They don’t believe in change, it is like a pie where every ingredient is important and if one ingredient is bad, the whole pie is ruined. Then if an element or process doesn’t contribute to this system it won’t pass to the next generation. As Functionalism viewers, college is the

Marxist Essay

1483 words - 6 pages Assess the contribution of Marxist theories to our understanding of society today Within sociology there are many varieties of conflict perspectives.  Marxism is one of these.  It is both a structural and a conflict theory. From a structural perspective, Marxists analyse the way society as a whole fits together. It views society as a structure in which the economic base determines the shape of the superstructure. The superstructure is made up

Marxist View of Society

778 words - 4 pages Critically examine Marxist perspective on today’s society (33 marks) The Marxist perspective is based on the works of Karl Marx and argues that society is divided into two classes; the upper class, referred to as the bourgeoisie, and the working class, referred to as the proletariat. According to Marxism, the bourgeoisie exploit the proletariat by making them work long hours with little rewards, whilst they receive all the benefits – this


358 words - 2 pages , creating a new way for future generations. This movie can be seen from a variety of areas, such as education level and socioeconomic class conflict. This can also be seen from the gender perspective, as a rival between female behaviour in a relationship, and male behaviour in a relationship. Class, and education can be further analyzed into the lifestyle that is influenced by it, creating new concerns; hence the marriage problems that differ within

Marxist Aproach of International Relations

2580 words - 11 pages Explain and explore a Marxist approach to International Relations. Marxism has developed as a thought in international relations concept. It mainly concentrates on the deliverance of the working class and the world impartiality. The Marxism were also related to examine the active of change in humanities, in specific it gave very definite justification about social revolution. His writings have played a significant role to the study of


282 words - 2 pages , their acquaintances and communities intertwine in some way hence leading to Elizabeth and Darcy’s marriage, even with the opposition of someone of a higher rank, Lady Catherine. The plot revolves around the need described in the very first sentence of the novel: "It is a truth universally acknowledged, that a single man in possession of a good fortune must be in want of a wife." This opening statement already emphasises a Marxist perspective

Related Essays

Marxist View On Education Essay

822 words - 4 pages Outline and asses the Marxist view of the role of education in society. The Marxist view on the role of education in society is a critical one. Marxists see education as a system of reproducing inequalities between working and middle class. Society needs skilled and unskilled workers, so Marxists see education as responsible for providing these types of workers, in the interest of the economy. However, there are other sociologists like Paul

Outline The Key Contrasts Between The Marxist And Neo Marxist View On Education (12)

640 words - 3 pages Outline the key contrasts between the Marxist and Neo-Marxist view on education (12) As Marxists Bowles and Gintis (1976) believed that through the term ‘Correspondence Principle’ that education corresponds to employment so if you knuckle down and learn at school it will result in better jobs/careers in your lifetime, this gives the workforce structure and organisation. The values of education reflect on the workplace. They also believe that

Compare And Contrast The Functionalist And Marxist Perspective To Our Understanding Of Society

578 words - 3 pages Compare and contrast the Functionalist and Marxist perspective to our understanding of society The Functionalist perspective to our society is that we are controlled by society by aspects of our society such as media, religion, education and government to name a few. Auguste Comte developed a theory known as the organic analogy which explained that each part of society played a vital role in making the body of society work coherently, for

Assess The Marxist View Of The Role Of Education (20 Marks)

571 words - 3 pages Assess the Marxist view of the role of education (20 marks) Marxists view society as based on conflict. They believe that the role of all institutions in society can be understood in terms of how they relate to the economic system. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well