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Martin Luther King Jr Essay

1444 words - 6 pages

Martin Luther King Jr. was a revolutionary man. He spoke of non-violent ways to create a fair and equal society. He preached that all men are the same and created equal no matter the color of your skin. He was a great public speaker and reached many people in his speeches. Martin King even got to speak to thousands of people at the footsteps of the Lincoln Memorial where he spoke these words. "I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character." The first four words of this quote are the most repeated words and in my opinion the most meaningful as well. Whenever someone is ...view middle of the document...

Michael King Jr. changed his name to Martin shortly after his father. When Martin was only 12 years old his grandmother with whom he had a special bond died from a heart attack. This event was very traumatic for young King and distraught of the news he allegedly attempted suicide by leaping out of a second story window. After this event though Kings life began to turn around for the better.
Martin skipped both the ninth and eleventh grade and entered Morehouse College located in Atlanta at age 15. He was very smart so that caused him to be very lazy and float through his first two years in college. In 1948 King earned a sociology degree. He then attended the Liberal Crozier Theological Seminary in Chester Pennsylvania. Although he was lazy at Morehouse King strived in his academics here in Chester. He strived in all his studies and was valedictorian of his class in 1951 and was also elected student body president. During his last year at Seminary King was strongly influenced by Reinhold Niebuhr who was a classmate of Kings Father at Morehouse College. Niebuhr was probably the single most influence in Martins intellectual and spiritual development. After Martin was accepted in to many different colleges including Yale, he chose to enroll at Boston University. During the work on his Doctorate Martin met his future wife Coretta Scott. Coretta was an aspiring singer and musician who King later married in June of 1953 and had four children with. In 1954 King became a pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery Alabama. King then completed his Ph.D. and got his degree in 1955. King had done all this by the age of 25.
The night that Rosa Parks was arrested in 1955 E.D. Nixon who was head of the local NAACP chapter met with Martin King and other civil rights leaders planned a city wide bus boycott. Martin would be nominated head of this boycott and it would be 328 days of walking to work, harassment, violence, and intimidation for the Montgomery African American Community. During this boycott both Nixon and Kings Homes were bombed. It was very hard for King to continue the boycott but he did and eventually the city of Montgomery lifted the law that mandated segregated public transportation. Flush with victory, African Civil Rights leaders recognized a need for a national organization to coordinate their efforts. In January of 1957 Martin and many other ministers and Civil Rights Activist founded the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. They would help conduct non-violent protesting to promote civil rights and equality among all. King met with religious civil rights leaders and lectured all over the country on race related issues. By around 1960 Martin Luther King Jr. was going national. He then returned to Atlanta to become a co-pastor to his father at the original Baptist Church.
In October at 1960 King and 36 other students were arrested after not leaving a counter after...

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