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Martin Luther King Essay

1282 words - 6 pages

Mollie Bailey.
Homework due: 08/09/2014.
Martin Luther King.
Born in Georgia, Atlanta on January the 15th 1929, Michael king Jr was the middle child of Michael King Sr. and Alberta Williams King. Michael king Jr’s Grandfather, Williams was originally rooted in rural Georgia, who then moved to Atlanta in 1893. Williams took over Ebenezer Baptist church which was struggling with only 13 members, and made it into a successful congregation. Williams, who was married to Jennie Celeste parks, had one surviving child, Alberta who marred Michael king Sr in 1926 after an 8 year courtship. Michael king ...view middle of the document...

In 1948, after much hard work, Martin Luther King Jr earned a sociology degree from Morehouse College, which he then followed on to attend the liberal crozer theological seminary in Chester, Pennsylvania. Thriving in all of his studies, he was then elected student body president in 1951, along with being awarded fellowship for graduate study. Being at the impressionable age of 22, martin started to rebel against his father and his beliefs by drinking beer and playing pool with his friends. At one point of seminary, he got involved with a white woman, eventually ending the affair after a rough time. After enrolling at Boston University, he met Coretta Scott, who was aspiring to a singer and musician. In the fall of 1953, martin and Coretta married, having 4 children; Yolanda, martin Luther king III, Dexter Scott and Bernice. Whilst still working on his dissertation, he became pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist church in 1954. He eventually completed his PHD and was awarded his doctorate degree in 1955, aged just 25.
After the event of the Montgomery bus boycott on March 2nd 1955, NAACP finally had another chance to make their case. This was on the 1st of December 1955, when a lady called Rosa Parks was imprisoned after refusing to give up her bus seat to a white man. On the night of her imprisonment, E.D Nixon (head of the local NAACP) met with Martin and other civil rights leaders to plan a citywide bus boycott. Martin Luther King Jr was appointed leader of the boycott because he was; young, well trained, had a professional standing and was also new to the community. This meant that he had no enemies. The boycott lasted 382 days, this meant walking to work, being harassed and martin having his house bombed, fortunately no one was hurt. However, the boycott was successful as the city eventually lifted the law stating segregated public transportation. This was effective as this gave martin and other civil rights leaders the confidence and experience to take things to a larger scale and try and make a change for the better nationally.
In 1963, Martin Luther King Jr planned a demonstration in downtown Birmingham, Alabama. Unexpectedly, city police turned dogs and fire hoses on demonstrators; this resulted in Martin being imprisoned along with his supporters. The event gained nationwide attention, along with criticism of Martin for taking risks and endangering children who attended the demonstration. At the end of the Birmingham campaign, king planned another demonstration. On august 28th 1963, over 200,000 people marched in Washington and filed in the shadow of the Liconoln memorial. This was where Martin Luther King Jr debuted his famous “I have a dream” speech. In this speech, he emphasized the main...

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