The extract under discussion is devoted to Martin Eden and his social position. It’s a piece of the 3d person narration with reasoning and a dialogue.
Logically the plot falls into four parts.
The idea is that it´s a person who rules their life and such essential thing as affection may be a great motivator.
The first one introduces an occasional meeting of Martin and Ruth with Lizzie Connoly. Here the main characters - Martin, Ruth and Lizzie are revealed both directly and indirectly. Martin, a protagonist, is a real gentlemen, the metaphor “his hand went up and his hat came off” and the litotes /laɪˈtəʊ.tiːz/ “he could not be disloyal to his kind” emphasize that he was a man of ...view middle of the document...
The latter simile leads again to Ruth, who had all these things not because of her merits, but because of her origin.
This provokes Martin to meditate on his own origin and in his inner monologue such things as ugliness and beauty, ignorance and knowledge, lower and upper society come into collision. His meditation has distinct boundaries – it starts and end with the rhetorical questions “who are you? What are you?” and it ends with them either. The anaphora “you belong…” shows that he is not convinced with the answers he finds. Some collocations like drudges, damn U, stenches prove his lower-class origin, but the hyperbole “legion of toils” and epithets like “dirty surroundings” “stale vegetables” show his negative attitude to this poor, vulgar, unbeautiful life. He dares “to open the books, to listen to music, to tear himself away from the Lizzie Connollys…” By means of asyndeton the idea is more tensed and the culmination of the speech are the metaphoric words “ …and to love a pale spirit of a woman…. Who lives in stars”.
The last part is the...