The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan ("Mars-craft", from Sanskrit: मंगल mangala, "Mars" and यान yāna, "craft, vehicle"), is a spacecraft orbiting Mars since 24 September 2014. It was launched on 5 November 2013 by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO)  It is India's first interplanetary mission and ISRO has become the fourth space agency to reach Mars, after the Soviet space program, NASA, and the European Space Agency. It is also the first nation to reach Mars orbit on its first attempt, and the first Asian nation to do so.
1. K Radhakrishnan
2. 3. S Ramakrishnan
3. S Ramakrishnan
4. SK Shivakumar
5. P Kunhikrishnan
7. AS Kiran Kumar
8. MYS ...view middle of the document...
450 crores) which is even cheaper than an eight lane bridge in Mumbai which cost $340 million. It is less than the budget of film “Gravity” which was about $105 million and about one-tenth of what the US has spent on MAVEN, making it undoubtedly the most cost-effective inter-planetary space mission to have ever been undertaken anywhere in the world!
In real terms, when distributed over the population of 1.2 billion, every Indian has contributed Rs.4 per towards the mission.
Mangalyaan will observe the environment of Mars and look for various elements like methane (marsh gas), which is a possible indicator of life. It will also look for Deuterium-Hydroden ratio and other neutral constants.
The orbiter weighs 1,350-kg, which is even less than the weight of an average sports utility vehicle
The manufacturing of Mangalyaan took 15 months while NASA took five years to complete MAVEN.
Loading of ISRO’s Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft into the Large Space Simulation Chamber for Thermo-Vacuum test during the making of MOM (Source: ISRO)
Mangalyaan is the first spacecraft to be launched outside the Earth’s sphere of influence by ISRO in its entire history of 44 years.
ISRO will be the fourth space agency in the world after National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the US, Russian Federal Space Agency (RFSA) and European Space Agency to have successfully undertaken a mission to Mars.
Considering that Mars is about 670 million kilometers from the Earth, the cost of the ride works out to about Rs.6.7 per kilometre – cheaper than what even autorickshaws charge anywhere in India!
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