California Legalization of Recreational Marijuana Initiative (2014)
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* 1 Text of measure
* 2 Path to the ballot
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A California Legalization of Recreational Marijuana Initiative (#13-0013) was approved for circulation in California as a contender for the November 4, 2014 ballot as an initiated state statute.
The measure would have:
* Decriminalized marijuana and hemp use, possession, cultivation, transportation, or distribution.
* Required case-by-case review for persons currently charged with or convicted of ...view middle of the document...
(B) To ensure that patients and their primary caregivers who obtain and use marijuana for medical purposes upon the recommendation of a physician are not subject to criminal prosecution or sanction.
(C) To encourage the federal and state governments to implement a plan to provide for the safe and affordable distribution of marijuana to all patients in medical need of marijuana.
(2) Nothing in this section shall be construed to supersede legislation prohibiting persons from engaging in conduct that endangers others, nor to condone the diversion of marijuana for nonmedical purposes.
(c) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no physician in this state shall be punished, or denied any right or privilege, for having recommended marijuana to a patient for medical purposes.
(d) Section 11357, relating to the possession of marijuana, and Section 11358, relating to the cultivation of marijuana, shall not apply to a patient, or to a patient's primary caregiver, who possesses or cultivates marijuana for the personal medical purposes of the patient upon the written or oral recommendation or approval of a physician.
(e) For the purposes of this section, ''primary caregiver" means the individual designated by the person exempted under this section who has consistently assumed responsibility for the housing, health, or safety of that person.
SEC. 2. If any provision of this measure or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, that invalidity shall not affect other provisions or applications of the measure that can be given effect without the invalid provision or application, and to this end the provisions of this measure are severable.
The Public Health Consequences of Marijuana Legalization
The Obama Administration continues to oppose legalization of marijuana and other illegal drugs because this approach runs counter to the public health approach to drug policy. Evidence shows our drug problem is a major public health and safety threat, and drug addiction is a disease that can be successfully prevented and treated. Legalizing drugs would increase their availability and normalize their use, leading to increased negative health consequences, particularly among young people. Drug legalization also undermines preventative health strategies, a keystone in improving overall public health in the United States.
• In 2011, approximately 4.2 million people met the diagnostic criteria for abuse or dependence on marijuana.ii
• Marijuana use is associated with addiction,iii respiratory illnesses,iv and cognitive impairment.v • Marijuana is also the second leading substance for which people receive drug treatmentvi and a major
cause for visits to emergency rooms.vii • Studies also reveal that marijuana potency has almost tripled over the past 20 years,viii raising serious
concerns about implications for public health – especially...