1. Describe the life and works of Dr. Maria Montessori?
Dr. Montessori is recognized as the founder of Montessori Method and one of the pioneers in the development of early childhood education. She is also respected and reputed for promoting a substantial number of important educational reforms, which now have become integral components of 21st century's educational core. She is one of the most renowned women in the history of education of children. Her revolutionary and innovative findings and teachings have led to a startling change in the way and plan of educating children worldwide.
Maria Montessori was born to Alessandro and Renilde Montessori at Chiravalle, Italy on 31st August, ...view middle of the document...
Maria Montessori had a childhood in which her mother believed in discipline. Her childhood had key moment that was prophetic of her future career. As a child Maria Montessori had already showed interest in the poor by doing some knitting for them daily. And one incident at home was that as her parents were having a heated argument, she dragged a chair in between them, stood on it and held their hands together as tightly as she could. This is foreseen as to the beginning of her peacemaking efforts of bringing the adult and the child together. When she was young she had overheard a teacher of her mention about her eyes and as a protest never raised her eyes at that teacher. It is here that Montessori principle of not talking about children in front of them and thus giving respect even to the youngest child.
Maria Montessoriâ€™s determination to become a doctor was proven on two occasions. One was that there was one lecture that most of her classmates did not attend due to the severe weather but her professor was deeply impressed with her and continued to give the lecture to just her. And another was the countless hours that she had to sacrifice to be able to dissect a body at night alone. During her time it was not allowed for a woman to dissect cadavers in the presence of men.
As she was not doing what women were expected of her time her father disapproved of her career choice. This though ended with a lecture Maria Montessori so eloquently delivered as a new graduate. His father attended it and was given multitudes of congratulatory remarks for having such a remarkable daughter.
Maria Montessori represented the women of Italy in a feminist conference. She talked about the cause of working women. In similar seminar she talked about child labour. This was a sign of her deep connection to children, though unknown to her.
After graduating, Dr. Maria Montessori worked in a psychiatric clinic for unfortunate children. The children were placed in a bare room. It was observed that children after their meals would throw food on the floor and play with them. It was through Montessoriâ€™s compassion and intelligence that she sought a solution to help the children. She observed that these children had no toys to manipulate or use their hands on. It was then that she decided that there had to be more than medicine to be able to these children.
Dr. Maria Montessori then discovered the studies of Jean Itard and Edouard Seguin. They were two French doctors who believed in the education of deviated children. Maria Montessori shared the conviction that medicine was not the answer for retardation but education. She shared this idea at an 1899 pedagogical congress. As a result he became the directress of an Orthophrenic clinic (school for the mentally ill) in 1899-1901.
Dr. Maria Montessori worked tirelessly observing children, analyzing results and developing new materials. Her knowledge of children mostly originated from this 2 years of closely...