Many Experts Argue That People Do Their Best Work When They Are Motivated By A Sense Of Purpose Rather Than The Pursuit Of Money. Do You Agree? Critically Evaluate And Explain Your Position

1928 words - 8 pages

1. Many experts argue that people do their best work when they are motivated by a sense of purpose rather than the pursuit of money. Do you agree? Critically evaluate and explain your position.
The study of what motivates people has fascinated researchers and academics over the years. Many renowned researchers have come up with their own model explaining the mechanisms of motivation. Though all these theories are unique in their own right, the division of motivations into two forms; extrinsic motivations and intrinsic motivations is a common sight. Both these factors have their place in getting people out of their beds in the morning and trading the better part of their waking hours for ...view middle of the document...

G. Lea, 2006).

The pursuit of money is also caused by psychological triggers that operate beneath our conscious mind. According to renowned psychologist B. F. Skinner’s theory of operant conditioning (Skinner, 1953), when an external stimulus is paired with a certain result numerous times, the mind starts to associate that result and its related emotions to the external stimulus. In the case of money, the positive associations that are continually being reinforced are the goods and services money can buy (Stephen E. G. Lea, 2006). This set up a positive feedback loop that constantly strengthens and reinforces these associations as people continue to work. Hence the pursuit of money becomes second nature and motivates people to work.

Since the industrial revolution, people have collectively come together and formed themselves into organised groups such as companies to work. Much has changed since and in developed countries, much of the work has been mechanised and computerised such the workforce is shifting from the manual labourers working in factories to knowledge workers working in their cubicles (Drucker, Management, 2008). Concurrently, as the demand for knowledge workers in developed countries surges and society now favours knowledge workers over manual workers, the prestige and remuneration that the knowledge worker enjoys surpasses that of the manual worker (Drucker, Management, 2008). The fundamental differences between the knowledge and manual workers help us explain and understand what motivates them to do their best work.

The manual worker of today is often seen as the underachiever in many developed countries. Having lost their edge in the education system, they often leave formal education to seek their fortunes in the working world early on (Drucker, Management, 2008). Due to the increasing reliance on formal education qualifications as one of the key considerations for the job of a knowledge worker, an underachiever in the education system will find it difficult to seek employment in such jobs. He then turns to jobs that value manual labour. These jobs are all around us. From the pizza delivery man to the supermarket cashier to the air conditioner mechanic, all these jobs value the amount of output that the manual worker can deliver and the best work of such jobs are often measured by the amount of output that the worker can generate. Take delivery service staff for instance. They are paid a basic amount for each hour and a commission for each delivery trip. As manual workers are relatively lowly paid (Drucker, Management, 2008) every delivery trip adds a significant portion to their income. To maintain a healthy income that the manual worker requires, generating a high output is essential. As such, a major and effective motivating factor for manual workers is the pursuit of money as it fulfils their lower order physiological and safety needs as addressed by Maslow in his hierarchy of needs theory (Wood, 2010).

Other Papers Like Many Experts Argue That People Do Their Best Work When They Are Motivated by a Sense of Purpose Rather Than the Pursuit of Money. Do You Agree? Critically Evaluate and Explain Your Position

Do You Agree with the Position That Anonymity Should Be Preserved in Cyberspace?

707 words - 3 pages Chuong Ly Do you agree with the position that anonymity should be preserved in cyberspace? Day by day, there are more and more internet communities appear on the Internet. Anonymity along with free speech have been one of the headache topics which have been arguing more a long time. There are many people who against it because they are afraid bad people are using it to scam people or doing bad things without being identified. And there are

Young Women Can Look to a Better Quality of Life Than Before. Do You Agree?

1312 words - 6 pages : In many societies now women are not force to get married early and are able to choose freely their partner. When it comes to money and marriage, young women are more likely to know about and manage a couple’s finances. Married women between the ages of 18 and 34 are the most likely among married people to play a significant role in managing the couple’s finances, and less likely to squabble with their spouses about money. Young

"Money Is the Root of All Evil." How Far Do You Agree with This?

563 words - 3 pages . People are willing to commit crimes mentioned because of their greed. They desire wealth, status and power. Laconically, the greed in people leads them to evil deeds, but not money. It has been said that 'every man has his price'. This implies that everybody can be bribed, providing the price is high enough. Most countries can provide examples of financial corruption from the proud and rich to the humble and poor. Money can inculcate selfishness

How Far Do You Agree That the Impact of the Second World War Was the Main Reason Why the Position of African Americans Improved in the Years 1945

1461 words - 6 pages How far do you agree that the impact of the Second World War was the main reason why the position of African Americans improved in the years 1945–55? The impact of the Second World War was, without a doubt, crucial in improving the lives of black Americans over the years 1945-55, as it led to federal support of the cause. However, it wasn’t as important as the use of direct action which, for the first time, was able to convert de jure into de

Explain and Critically Evaluate the Concept of “Freedom of Navigation”

2711 words - 11 pages tanker disaster in 2002 called for further changes to the MARPOL 78/79. In a critical perspective, these three incidents prove that the maritime incidents are an important factor in shaping maritime policies. Incidents involving one flag state and affecting the people, assets or environment of another have lead to the creation of a robust international legal framework that should prevent navigation by substandard vessels. On the security

How Far Would You Agree That the October Revolution Was a Coup Rather Than a Popular Uprising

2502 words - 11 pages How far would you agree that the October Revolution was a coup d’état rather than a popular uprising? On the 25th of September 1917, the then Prime Minister, Kerensky, induced the appointment of a new cabinet. The creation of this cabinet was the fourth Provisional Government, the third coalition and the seventh major reshuffling in the period of time following the February revolution. 1 Having been created as a result of the revolutionary

Why Do Many People Not Receive the Home Care That They Need or Want?

1343 words - 6 pages WHY DO MANY PEOPLE NOT RECEIVE THE HOME CARE THAT THEY NEED OR WANT? In this essay I am going to explain why it can be difficult to obtain home care help and why it is not always what people expect it to be. However, home care help can play a vital part in people’s lives to enable them to keep on living their daily lives from the comfort of their own homes. It can be hard to access services; barriers can prevent people from seeking help in

How far do you agree with the view that America was a land of opportunity during the 1920s?"

1732 words - 7 pages "How far do you agree with the view that America was a land of opportunity during the 1920s?" Explain your answer using sources 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and your own knowledge. (40 marks) The 1920s are widely known as the 'Boom Era', or the 'Roaring Twenties' and a "decade of lively economic growth" (Source 3), due to the sheer economic success and advancement, and the emergence of the motor car, Hollywood, consumerism and

Do You Agree with the View That the Sino-Soviet Split Was Caused Primarily by the Political Rivalry of Khrushchev and Mao?

1744 words - 7 pages Do you agree with the view that the Sino Soviet Split was caused primarily by the political rivalry of Khrushchev and Mao? The Sino Soviet split occurred largely due to the ideological issues that Mao and Khrushchev had, having vastly opposite ideas on the nature of Revolutions. However, through this you largely see the clash of their personalities and how they differed vastly seen through the Soviet speech in which Khrushchev seriously

To What Extent Do You Agree That Knowledge Of The Historical And Social Context Of The Yellow Wallpaper Is Vital In Your Appreciation Of The Text. Make Close Reference To The Text In Your Answer

1155 words - 5 pages representative figures whose representation in the story reveals some of the values and attitudes of their time. Including the oppression John omits on his wife, The Yellow Wallpaper it is very clear that women are subordinate to men in marriage and treated as if they were children. Gilman uses the conventions of the psychological horror tale to critique the position of women within the institution of marriage, especially as practiced by the “respectable

Title: What Do Kaldor and Selchow Mean by ‘Subterranean Politics’ in Europe, and What Are the Implications of Their Four Findings? Do You Think Their Study Has Really Demonstrated the Usefulness and...

662 words - 3 pages Title: What do Kaldor and Selchow mean by ‘subterranean politics’ in Europe, and what are the implications of their four findings? Do you think their study has really demonstrated the usefulness and credibility of their approach? From the title of this essay, it allows the reader to understand that this assignment will be associated with Subterranean Politics. It will also inform the reader on a research project carried out to examine a new

Related Essays

“The Fact That Girls Do Better Than Boys Is More To Do With Factors Outside Of The School Rather Than Factors Inside Of The School.” To What Extent Do You Agree With This View?

976 words - 4 pages “The fact that girls do better than boys is more to do with factors outside of the school rather than factors inside of the school.” To what extent do you agree with this view? If we look at exam results such as GCSEs and A levels there is a clear picture of girls outperforming boys. Girls are also more likely to pass their A levels and go on to university. These gender and differential educational achievement have been explained by the

Children Learn Best By Observing The Behavior Of Adults And Copying It. Do You Agree Or Disagree? Use Specific Reasons And Examples To Support Your Answer

574 words - 3 pages when a child figures it out his/her own, the best learning can take place. Naturally he will earn knowledge on the earth from everything. As a conclusion, it is true that children learn best by observing the behavior of adults and they try to copy it. The adults should be more cautious on what they do because the children watch their behavior and have tendency to copy and imitate them.

Do You Agree With The View That The Work Of William Howard Russell And Roger Fenton Presented The British Public With A Realistic Portrayal Of The Crimean War?

895 words - 4 pages Do you agree with the view that the work of William Howard Russell and Roger Fenton presented the British public with a realistic portrayal of the Crimean War? There are a number of different factors that collaborate to show that on one hand Russell and Fenton’s work may have offered an accurate image of the Crimean War and there are factors and sources that show that they possibly could have provided more realistic reports. Firstly, Russell’s

“In The 1950s The Most Important Victories One By Black Americans Were In The Area Of Education.” Do You Agree? Explain Your Answer

799 words - 4 pages “In the 1950s the most important victories one by Black Americans were in the area of education.” Do you agree? Explain your answer. The 1950s was a seminal decade for the Civil Rights Movement. This decade saw the first major victories for civil rights in the Supreme Court, the development of nonviolent protests and the transformation of Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., into the movement's preeminent leader. Thus to narrow down the scope of the