What is ERP?
ERP is the acronym of Enterprise Resource Planning. ERP utilizes ERP software applications to improve the performance of organizations' resource planning, management control and operational control. ERP software is multi-module application software that integrates activities across functional departments, from product planning, parts purchasing, inventory control, and product distribution, to order tracking. ERP software may include application modules for the finance, accounting and human resources aspects of a business. Enterprise resource planning (ERP) refers to a computer information system that integrates all the business activities and process throughout an entire ...view middle of the document...
Then in the 1980's the concept of Manufacturing Resources planning (MRP-II), which was nothing but extension of MRP to shop floor and Distribution management activities, grew in importance. However, in the early 1990’s, increased complexity of businesses and the need to integrate all the functions within an enterprise to sustain in the dynamic environment lead to development of ERP (Enterprise Resource planning) tool. ERP was extension of MRP II to cover the range of activities within any enterprise. Additionally it addressed technology aspects like client/server- distributed architecture, RDBMS, object oriented programming.
Timeline System Description 1960s Inventory Management &Control Inventory Management and control is the combination of information technology and business processes of maintaining the appropriate level of stock in a warehouse. The activities of inventory management include identifying inventory requirements, setting targets, providing replenishment techniques and options, monitoring item usages, reconciling the inventory balances, and reporting inventory status.
1970s Material Requirement Planning (MRP)
Materials Requirement Planning (MRP) utilizes software applications for scheduling production processes. MRP generates schedules for the operations and raw material purchases based on the production requirements of finished goods, the structure of the production system, the current inventories levels and the lot sizing procedure for each operation. 1980s Manufacturing Requirements Planning (MRPII)
Manufacturing Requirements Planning or MRP utilizes software applications for coordinating manufacturing processes, from product planning, parts purchasing, inventory control to product distribution.
1990s Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) Enterprise Resource Planning or ERP uses multi-module application software for improving the performance of the internal business processes. ERP systems often integrate business activities across functional departments, from product planning, parts purchasing, inventory control, product distribution, fulfillment, to order tracking. ERP software systems may include application modules for supporting marketing, finance, accounting and human resources
FEATURES OF ERP
ERP is a hybrid of many different types of software, incorporating many of the features available in other programs. ERP provides a way to keep track of materials, inventory, human resources, billing, and purchase orders. It is also useful for managing various types of orders, from...