Describe the evolution of ‘Personnel Management’ into ‘Human Resource Management’. How does the transformation help organisations achieve their strategic objectives?
* Briefly explain the meaning of HRM – 2.5 marks
* Briefly explain the meaning of Personal Management – 2.5 marks
* Identify and describe 4 factors contributed to the transformation of PM into HRM 2.5 marks x 4 factors– 8 marks
* How does HRM help organisation achieve strategic objectives of organisations – 3 marks X 4 points - 12 marks
(The answers should reflect originality and not extracts from the text book. If the student has reproduced what is in the text book full marks should not be ...view middle of the document...
The transformation of PM to HRM was influenced by several factors * Resource centric approach to management A ROI based approach was born; where the requirement arose to put people first * The requirement to improve knowledge and competency of its staff pool In order to compete in the market place with changing nature of competition * Technology Boom Invent of new technology to better facilitate the management of human resource in an organisation. * The adoption of HR practices across managersHR practices became a shared practices across departments rather than a practice shifted to a single department HRM helps achievement of strategic objectives by * Recruitment and selection to achievement of Organisation’s objective * Managing of required talent pool via training and development * Improvements in performance via implementation motivational techniques * Employee engagement * Effective organisation design to deliver a superior organisation performance |
Briefly explain the activities that organisations have to fulfill under Human Resource Planning. Give examples for each activity.
* Explain the meaning of HRP process – 1 marks
* Explain the components of the planning process – 24 marks
* 6 components x 3 marks each - 18 marks
* Examples for each X 1 mark – 6 marks
(The answers should reflect originality and not extracts from the text book. If the student has reproduced what is in the text book full marks should not be awarded for theoretical areas. They must reflect critical thinking and practical application of theory)
Human Resource Planning is the process of anticipating and providing for the movement of people into, within, and out of an organisation. The planning process will help managers deploy human resources as effectively as possible, where and when they are needed, inorder to accomplish the organization’s goals. In order for an organisation to implement HR management the following steps have to be undertakenStep 1 : Mission, Vision and ValuesAn organisation needs to establish it’s vision, mission and values. For example USL has it values of LOOK GOOD, FEEL GOOD, DO GOOD value which is transformed to its corporate culture in developing products, hiring decisions and promotion decisions of people whom portray similar values.Step 2 : Environmental AnalysisAn environmental scanning procedure allows the organisation to identify opportunities and threats in its environment. For example Reckitts has a monthly environmental scanning session to identify the threats and future opportunities for its product range. This meeting will encompass all the senior level managers. Step 3 : Internal AnalysisThe three Cs: Culture, competencies, Composition - needs to be tracked to understand the current standing of an Organisation. Mapping human capital can further portray the current resources in the organisation. For example Reckitts uses a Mapping of Human capital in order to understand...